Technical Publications

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To request a reprint of one of the following journal articles, please contact NOROCK.

2014

Abbey-Lambertz, M., A. Ray, M. Layhee, C. Densmore, A. Sepulveda, J. Gross and B. Watten. 2014. Suppressing bullfrog larvae with carbon dioxide. Journal of Herpetology 48(1): 59-66.

Allen, Leslie, Montag, Jessica, Lyon, Katie, Soileau, Suzanna, and Schuster, Rudy, 2014, Rancher and farmer quality of life in the midst of energy development in southwest Wyoming: WLCI Fact Sheet 5, 4 p.

Al-Chokhachy, Robert, Clint C. Muhlfeld, Matthew C. Boyer, Leslie A. Jones, Amber Steed & Jeffrey L. Kershner. 2014. Quantifying the effectiveness of conservation measures to control the spread of anthropogenic hybridization in stream salmonids: a climate adaptation case study. North American Journal of Fisheries Management DOI: 10.1080/02755947.2014.901259

Ault, Toby R., Julia E. Cole, Jonathan T. Overpeck, Gregory T. Pederson, and David M. Meko. 2014. Assessing the risk of persistent drought using climate model simulations and paleoclimate data. Journal of Climate. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00282.1

Beever, E.A., B. Mattson, M. Germino, M. Post Van der Burg, J. Bradford, and M. Brunson. Successes and challenges of 11 broad-extent conservation programs, from formation to implementation. 2014. Conservation Biology. 28(2):302-314.

Benavides, J. A., Cross, P. C., Luikart, G. and Creel, S. (2014), Limitations to estimating bacterial cross-species transmission using genetic and genomic markers: inferences from simulation modeling. Evolutionary Applications, 7: 774–787. doi: 10.1111/eva.12173

Bennett, Stephen, Robert Al-Chokhachy, Brett B. Roper & Phaedra Budy (2014) Annual Variation of Spawning Cutthroat Trout in a Small Western USA Stream: A Case Study with Implications for the Conservation of Potamodromous Trout Life History Diversity, North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 34:5, 1033-1046

Bjornlie, D. D., F. T. van Manen, M. R. Ebinger, M. A. Haroldson, D. J. Thompson, C. M. Costello. 2014. Whitebark pine, population density, and home-range size of grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. PloS ONE doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0088160.

Bjornlie, D. D., Thompson, D. J., Haroldson, M. A., Schwartz, C. C., Gunther, K. A., Cain, S. L., Tyers, D. B., Frey, K. L. and Aber, B. C. (2014), Methods to estimate distribution and range extent of grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 38: 182–187. doi: 10.1002/wsb.368

Brennan, Angela, Paul C. Cross, Megan D. Higgs, W. Henry Edwards, Brandon M. Scurlock, and Scott Creel 2014. A multi-scale assessment of animal aggregation patterns to understand increasing pathogen seroprevalence. Ecosphere 5:art138.

Costello, C. M., F. T. van Manen, M. A. Haroldson, M. R. Ebinger, S. Cain, K. Gunther, and D. D. Bjornlie. 2014. Influence of whitebark pine decline on fall habitat use and movements of grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Ecology and Evolution. 4(10):2004-2018.

Cryan, Paul. M. et al. 2014. Behavior of bats at wind turbines. PNAS. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1406672111

Davenport, Jon M., Blake R. Hossack, Winsor H. Lowe. 2014. Partitioning the non-consumptive effects of predators on prey with complex life histories. Oecologia. 176:149–155. DOI 10.1007/s00442-014-2996-5

Diehl, R. H., J. E. Bates, D. E. Willard, and T. P. Gnoske. 2014. The hazards of nocturnal migration over Lake Michigan: a case study. Wilson Journal of Ornithology. 126:19-29.

Gleason, R.A., and Tangen, B.A., eds., 2014, Brine contamination to aquatic resources from oil and gas development in the Williston Basin, United States: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2014–5017, 127 p.

Graves, Tabitha , Richard B. Chandler, J. Andrew Royle, Paul Beier, Katherine C. Kendall. Estimating landscape resistance to dispersal. Landscape ecology. 2014. (DOI) 10.1007/s10980-014-0056-5.

Gunther, K., R. Shoemaker, K. Frey, M. A. Haroldson, S. L. Cain, F. T. van Manen, and J. K. Fortin. 2014. Dietary breadth of grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Ursus. 25(1):60–72.

Kamath, Pauline L., Wendy C. Turner, Martina Küsters, and Wayne M. Getz. 2014. Parasite-mediated selection drives an immunogenetic trade-off in plains zebras (Equus quagga). Proc. R. Soc. B. vol. 281 no. 1783 doi: 10.1098/rspb.2014.0077

Landguth, Erin L., Clint C. Muhlfeld, Robin S. Waples, Leslie Jones, Winsor H. Lowe, Diane Whited, John Lucotch, Helen Neville, and Gordon Luikart. 2014. Combining demographic and genetic factors to assess population vulnerability in stream species. Ecological Applications. DOI: 10.1890.13-0499.1

Mafalda, Viana, Rebecca Mancy, Roman Biek, Sarah Cleaveland, Paul C. Cross, James O. Lloyd-Smith, and Daniel T. Haydon. 2014. Assembling evidence for identifying reservoirs of infection. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 1806. DOI:10.1016/j.tree.2014.03.002

Manlove, Kezia R., E. Frances Cassirer, Paul C. Cross, Raina K. Plowright, and Peter J. Hudson. 2014. Costs and benefits of group living with disease: a case study of pneumonia in bighorn lambs (Ovis canadensis). Proc. R. Soc. B. 2014 281 1797 20142331; doi:10.1098/rspb.2014.2331 (published 5 November 2014) 1471-2954

McCaffery, Rebecca M. , Rita Reisor, Kathryn Irvine, Jessi Brunson. 2014. Demographic monitoring and population viability analysis of two rare beardtongues from the Uinta Basin. Western North American Naturalist 74(3) 257–274

Muhlfeld, Clint C., Ryan P. Kovach, Leslie A. Jones, Robert Al-Chokhachy, Matthew C. Boyer, Robb F. Leary, Winsor H. Lowe, Gordon Luikart, and Fred W. Allendorf. 2014. Invasive hybridization in a threatened species is accelerated by climate change. Nature Climate Change. doi:10.1038/nclimate2252.

Olexa, Edward M. and Richard L. Lawrence. 2014. Performance and effects of land cover type on synthetic surface reflectance data and NDVI estimates for assessment and monitoring of semi-arid rangeland. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation. 30: 30-41.

Olexa, E.M., Soileau, S.C., and Allen, L.A., 2014, Observations of elk movement patterns on Fossil Butte National Monument: WLCI Fact Sheet 6, 2 p.

Pierce, K.L., Chesley-Preston, T.L., and Sojda, R.S., 2014, Surficial geologic map of the Red Rock Lakes area, southwest Montana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2014–1157, 22 p., scale 1:24,000.

Pierce, K.L., Licciardi, J.M., Krause, T.R., and Whitlock, Cathy, 2014, Glacial and Quaternary geology of the northern Yellowstone area, Montana and Wyoming, in Shaw, C.A., and Tikoff, B., editors, Exploring the Northern Rocky Mountains: Geological Society of America Field Guide 37, p. 189-203, doi:10.1130/2014.0037(09).

Pierce, Ron, Craig Podner, Laurie Marczak & Leslie Jones (2014) Instream Habitat Restoration and Stream Temperature Reduction in a Whirling Disease-Positive Spring Creek in the Blackfoot River Basin, Montana, Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 143:5, 1188-1198

Prato et al. 2014. “Simulating Future Residential Property Losses from Wildfire in Flathead County, Montana.” In: Justin A. Daniels, editor. Advances in Environmental Research. New York (NY): Nova Science Publishers. Vol 33, p 1-40.

Ray, A. M., C.A. Mebane, F. Raben, K.M. Irvine, and A. M. Marcarelli. 2014. A combined macrophyte-epiphyte bioassay for evaluating nutrient enrichment in an impaired river. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. DOI 10.1007/s10661-014-3682-0

Richardson, Leslie, Tatjana Rosenb, Kerry Guntherc, and Chuck Schwartz. 2014. The economics of roadside bear viewing. Journal of Environmental Management. 140:102-110.

Rodhouse, Thomas J., Kathryn M. Irvine, Roger L. Sheley, Brenda S. Smith, Shirley Hoh, Daniel M. Esposito, and Ricardo Mata-Gonzalez 2014. Predicting foundation bunchgrass species abundances: model-assisted decision-making in protected-area sagebrush steppe. Ecosphere 5:art108

Schwartz, C. C., Teisberg, J. E., Fortin, J. K., Haroldson, M. A., Servheen, C., Robbins, C. T. and van Manen, F. T. (2014), Use of isotopic sulfur to determine whitebark pine consumption by Yellowstone bears: A reassessment. Wildlife Society Bulletin. doi: 10.1002/wsb.426

Sepulveda, A.J., M. Layhee, D. Stagliano, J. Chaffin, A. Begley, and B. Maxell. 2014. Invasion of American bullfrogs along the Yellowstone River. Aquatic Invasions.

Sepulveda, A. J., Rutz, D. S., Dupuis, A. W., Shields, P. A. and Dunker, K. J. (2014), Introduced northern pike consumption of salmonids in Southcentral Alaska. Ecology of Freshwater Fish. doi: 10.1111/eff.12164

Sepulveda, Adam J., Juddson Sechrist, Laurie B. Marczak. 2014. Testing Ecological Tradeoffs of a New Tool for Removing Fine Sediment in a Spring-fed Stream. Ecological Restoration. 32(1): 68-77. DOI:10.1353/ecr.2014.0002

Sigafus, B. H., C. R. Schwalbe, B. R. Hossack, E. Muths. 2014. Prevalence of the Amphibian Chytrid Fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) at Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge, Arizona, USA. Herpetological Review. 45(1), 41–42.

Stephen Bennett, Robert Al-Chokhachy, Brett B. Roper & Phaedra Budy (2014) Annual Variation of Spawning Cutthroat Trout in a Small Western USA Stream: A Case Study with Implications for the Conservation of Potamodromous Trout Life History Diversity, North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 34:5, 1033-1046

Stetz, J.B., K.C. Kendall, and A.C. Macleod. 2014. Black bear density in Glacier National Park, Montana. Wildlife Society Bulletin 38(1): 60-70. DOI: 10.1002/wsb.356

Teisberg, J. E., Haroldson, M. A., Schwartz, C. C., Gunther, K. A., Fortin, J. K. and Robbins, C. T. (2014), Contrasting past and current numbers of bears visiting Yellowstone cutthroat trout streams. The Journal of Wildlife Management. doi: 10.1002/jwmg.667

van Manen, F. T., Ebinger, M. R., Haroldson, M. A., Harris, R. B., Higgs, M. D., Cherry, S., White, G. C. and Schwartz, C. C. (2014), Re-evaluation of Yellowstone grizzly bear population dynamics not supported by empirical data: response to Doak & Cutler. Conservation Letters. doi: 10.1111/conl.12095

van Manen FT, Haroldson MA, West K, Soileau SC, editors. 2014. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2013. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey.

2013

Adams M.J., Miller D.A.W., Muths E., Corn P.S., Grant E.H.C., et al. 2013. Trends in Amphibian Occupancy in the United States.. PLoS ONE 8(5): e64347. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0064347

Al-Chokhachy, Robert, Seth J. Wenger, Daniel J. Isaak, Jeffrey L. Kershner. 2013. Characterizing the Thermal Suitability of Instream Habitat for Salmonids: A Cautionary Example from the Rocky Mountains. Trans. of the American Fisheries Society. 142(3): 793-801. http:// dx.doi.org/10.1080/00028487.2013.778900

Al-Chokhachy, Robert, Andrew M. Ray, Brett B. Roper, and Eric Archer. 2013. Exotic Plant Colonization and Occupancy Within Riparian Areas of the Interior Columbia River and Upper Missouri River Basins, USA. Wetlands. doi: 10.1007/s13157-013-0399-8

Ault, T. R., J. E. Cole, J. T. Overpeck, G. T. Pederson, S. St. George, B. Otto-Bliesner, C. A. Woodhouse & C. Deser (2013) The Continuum of Hydroclimate Variability in Western North America during the Last Millennium. Journal of Climate, 26, 5863-5878.

Beever, E.A. 2013. Equus caballus [ISC]. Invasive Species Compendium, Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux International, Oxfordshire, UK.

Beever, Erik A., Solomon Z. Dobrowski, John Long, Alison R. Mynsberge, and Nathan B. Piekielek. 2013. Understanding relationships among abundance, extirpation, and climate at ecoregional scales. Ecology. doi:10.1890/12-2174.1

Brennan, A., Cross, P. C., Ausband, D. E., Barbknecht, A. and Creel, S. 2013. Testing automated howling devices in a wintertime wolf survey. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 37: 389–393. DOI: 10.1002/wsb.269

Brennan, Angela, Paul C. Cross, Megan Higgs, Jon P. Beckmann, Robert W. Klaver, Brandon M. Scurlock, and Scott Creel. 2013. Inferential consequences of modeling rather than measuring snow accumulation in studies of animal ecology. Ecological Applications 23:643–653.

Cassirer, E. F., Plowright, R. K., Manlove, K. R., Cross, P. C., Dobson, A. P., Potter, K. A., Hudson, P. J. 2013. Spatio-temporal dynamics of pneumonia in bighorn sheep. Journal of Animal Ecology. doi:10.1111/1365-2656.12031

Cross, P.C., E.J. Maichak, A. Brennan, B.M. Scurlock, J. Henningsen & G. Luikart. 2013. An ecological perspective on Brucella abortus in the western United States. Rev. sci. tech. Off. int. Epiz. 32(1), 79-87.

Cross, Paul C., Damien Caillaud, Dennis M. Heisey. 2013. Underestimating the effects of spatial heterogeneity due to individual movement and spatial scale: infectious disease as an example. Landscape Ecology. doi: 10.1007/s10980

D'Angelo, Vincent S. and Clint C. Muhlfeld. 2013. Factors Influencing the Distribution of Native Bull Trout and Westslope Cutthroat Trout in Streams of Western Glacier National Park, Montana. Northwest Science. doi:10.3955/046.087.0101

Gogan, Peter J. P., McCrea A. Cobb, Natalie B. Gates, and Reginald H. Barrett. 2013. Re-introduction of tule elk to Point Reyes National Seashore, California, USA. Pages 168-173 In: Soorae, P. S. (ed.). Global Re-introduction Perspectives: 2013. Further case studies from around the globe. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN/SSC Re-introduction Specialist Group and Abu Dhabi, UAE: Environment Agency-Abu Dhabi. xiv + 282 pp.

Gogan, P. J. P., Russell, R. E., Olexa, E. M. and Podruzny, K. M. 2013. Pregnancy rates in central Yellowstone bison. The Journal of Wildlife Management. doi: 10.1002/jwmg.558

Gross, J.A, Irvine, KM, Wilmoth, S., Wagner, TL, Shields, PA, Fox, JR. 2013. Effects of pulse pressure from seismic water gun technology on northern pike. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 142:5, 1335-1346.

Haroldson, M. and K. Gunther. 2013. Roadside bear viewing opportunities in Yellowstone National Park: characteristics, trends, and influence of whitebark pine. Ursus. 24(1):27-41. 36.1

Higgs, Megan D., William A. Link, Gary C. White, Mark A. Haroldson, and Daniel D. Bjornlie. 2013. Insights Into the Latent Multinomial Model Through Mark-Resight Data on Female Grizzly Bears With Cubs-of-the-Year. Journal of Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Statistics. doi: 10.1007/s13253-013-0148-8

Hohenlohe, P. A., Day, M. D., Amish, S. J., Miller, M. R., Kamps-Hughes, N., Boyer, M. C., Muhlfeld, C. C., Allendorf, F. W., Johnson, E. A. and Luikart, G. 2013. Genomic patterns of introgression in rainbow and westslope cutthroat trout illuminated by overlapping paired-end RAD sequencing. Molecular Ecology. doi: 10.1111/mec.12239

Hossack, B. R., Adams, M. J., Pearl, C. A., Wilson, K. W., Bull, E. L., Lohr, K., Patla, D., Pilliod, D. S., Jones, J. M., Wheeler, K. K., Mckay, S. P. And Corn, P. S. (2013), Roles of Patch Characteristics, Drought Frequency, and Restoration in Long-Term Trends of a Widespread Amphibian. Conservation Biology, 27: 1410–1420.

Hossack, B. R., Lowe, W. H., Webb, M. A. H., Talbott, M. J., Kappenman, K. M. and Corn, P. S. (2013), Population-level thermal performance of a cold-water ectotherm is linked to ontogeny and local environmental heterogeneity. Freshwater Biology. doi: 10.1111/fwb.12202

Hossack, B.R. and R.L. Newell. 2013. New distribution record for the rare limpet Acroloxus coloradensis (Henderson, 1930) (Gastropoda: Acroloxidae) from Montana. The Nautilus. 127(1):40–41

Hossack, Blake R., Winsor H. Lowe, R. Ken Honeycutt, Sean A. Parks, and Paul Stephen Corn. 2013. Interactive effects of wildfire, forest management, and isolation on amphibian and parasite abundance. Ecological Applications 23:479–492. doi: 10.1890/12-0316.1

Hossack, Blake R., Winsor H. Lowe, Joy L. Ware, Paul Stephen Corn. 2013. Disease in a dynamic landscape: Host behavior and wildfire reduce amphibian chytrid infection. Biological Conservation. 157: 293–299.

Irvine, K. M., Thornton, J., Backus, V. M., Hohmann, M. G., Lehnhoff, E. A., Maxwell, B. D., Michels, K. and Rew, L. J. (2013), A comparison of adaptive sampling designs and binary spatial models: a simulation study using a census of Bromus inermis. Environmetrics. doi: 10.1002/env.2223

Jones, L.A., C.C. Muhlfeld, L.A. Marshall, B.L. McGlynn, and J.L. Kershner. 2013. Estimating Thermal Regimes of Bull Trout and Assessing the Potential Effects of Climate Warming On Critical Habitats. River Res. Applic. DOI: 10.1002/rra.2638

Joseph, M. B., Mihaljevic, J. R., Arellano, A. L., Kueneman, J. G., Preston, D. L., Cross, P. C., Johnson, P. T. J. 2013. Taming wildlife disease: bridging the gap between science and management. Journal of Applied Ecology. 50, 702–712.

Kamath, Pauline L., Daniel Elleder, Le Bao, Paul C. Cross, John H. Powell and Mary Poss. 2013. The Population History of Endogenous Retroviruses in Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus). J. Hered. doi: 10.1093/jhered/est088

Laufenberg, J. S., Van Manen, F. T. and Clark, J. D. 2013. Effects of sampling conditions on DNA-based estimates of American black bear abundance. The Journal of Wildlife Management. doi: 10.1002/jwmg.534

McCabe, G. J., J. L. Betancourt, G. T. Pederson & M. D. Schwartz (2013) Variability Common to First Leaf Dates and Snowpack in the Western Conterminous United States. Earth Interactions, 17, 1-18.

Pederson, G. T., J. L. Betancourt & G. J. McCabe. 2013. Regional patterns and proximal causes of the recent snowpack decline in the Rocky Mountains, U.S. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 1811-1816.

Preston T.M., et al. 2013. A GIS-based vulnerability assessment of brine contamination to aquatic resources from oil and gas development in eastern Sheridan County, Montana. Sci Total Environ. DOI:10.1016.213.09.027

Preston, T.M., R.S. Sojda, and R.A. Gleason. 2013. Sediment accretion rates and sediment composition in Prairie Pothole wetlands under varying land use practices, Montana, United States. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation. 68(3):199-211. doi:10.2489/jswc.68.3.199

Powell, John H., Steven T. Kalinowski, Megan D. Higgs, Michael R. Ebinger, Ninh V. Vu & Paul C. Cross. 2013. Microsatellites indicate minimal barriers to mule deer Odocoileus hemionus dispersal across Montana, USA. Wildl. Biol. 19(1):102-110.

Ray, C., E. Beever, and S. Loarie. 2013. Retreat of the American pika: up the mountain or into the void? Pages 245-270 in : Brodie, J.F., E. Post, and D.F. Doak, editors, Wildlife conservation in a changing climate. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.

Ray, A.M., K.M. Irvine, A.S. Hamilton. 2013. Vegetation of natural and artificial shorelines in Upper Klamath Basin's fringe wetlands. Bulletin for the Society of Wetland Scientist pp 10-21.

Schwartz, C. C., Fortin, J. K., Teisberg, J. E., Haroldson, M. A., Servheen, C., Robbins, C. T. and Van Manen, F. T. (2013), Body and diet composition of sympatric black and grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. The Journal of Wildlife Management. doi: 10.1002/jwmg.633

Schwartz, Charles C., Mark A. Haroldson, Kerry A. Gunther, and Charles T. Robbins. Omnivory and the Terrestrial Food Web — Yellowstone Grizzly Bear Diets. Pages 109 – 126 in White, P.J., Robert A. Garrot, and Glenn E. Plumb. 2013. Yellowstone’s Wildlife in Transition. Harvard University Press. Cambridge, MA. 347 pp

Sepulveda, A. J., Rutz, D. S., Ivey, S. S., Dunker, K. J. and Gross, J. A. 2013. Introduced northern pike predation on salmonids in southcentral Alaska. Ecology of Freshwater Fish. doi: 10.1111/eff.12024

Sharp, J. L., Sojda, R. S., Greenwood, M., Rosenberry, D. O. and Warren, J. M. 2013. Statistical classification of vegetation and water depths in montane wetlands. Ecohydrol., 6: 173–181. doi: 10.1002/eco.1252

Soileau, Suzanna, and Miller, Kirk, 2013, U.S. Geological Survey water-resource monitoring activities in support of the Wyoming Landscape Conservation Initiative: WLCI Fact Sheet 4, 2 p., http://pubs.usgs.gov/wlci/fs/4/.

Towler, E., M. Roberts, B. Rajagopalan, and R. S. Sojda (2013), Incorporating probabilistic seasonal climate forecasts into river management using a risk-based framework. Water Resour. Res., 49, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20378.

Treanor, Hilary B, J. Joseph Giersch, Kevin M. Kappenman, Clint C. Muhlfeld, and Molly A. H. Webb. 2013. Thermal tolerance of meltwater stonefly Lednia tumana nymphs from an alpine stream in Waterton–Glacier International Peace Park, Montana, USA. Freshwater Science, 2013, 32(2):597–605.

van Manen FT, Haroldson MA, West K, editors. 2013. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2012. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey.

Walls, Susan C., William J. Barichivich, Mary E. Brown, David E. Scott, and Blake R. Hossack. 2013. Influence of Drought on Salamander Occupancy of Isolated Wetlands on the Southeastern Coastal Plain of the United States. Wetlands. doi:10.1007/s13157-013-0391-3

2012

Alexiades, A.V., M.M. Peacock & R. Al-Chokhachy. 2012. Movement Patterns, Habitat Use, and Survival of Lahontan Cutthroat Trout in the Truckee River. North American Journal of Fisheries Management. 32(5) 974-983. doi:10.1080/02755947.2012.711272

Allen, L.A., and Kauffman, M.J., WLCI researchers employ new approaches to help managers conserve deer migrations: WLCI Fact Sheet 2, 4 p.

Almberg, E.S., P.C. Cross, A.P. Dobson, D.W. Smith and P.J. Hudson. 2012. Parasite invasion following host reintroduction: a case of Yellowstone’s wolves. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. 367, 2840-2851. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2011.0369.

Amish, S. J., Hohenlohe, P. A., Painter, S., Leary, R. F., Muhlfeld, C., Allendorf, F. W. And Luikart, G. 2012. RAD sequencing yields a high success rate for westslope cutthroat and rainbow trout species-diagnostic SNP assays. Molecular Ecology Resources, 12: 653–660. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-0998.2012.03157.x

Bright, P.R., Buxton, H.T., Balistrieri, L.S., Barber, L.B., Chapelle, F.H., Cross, P.C., Krabbenhoft, D.P., Plumlee, G.S., Sleeman, J.M., Tillitt, D.E., Toccalino, P.L., and Winton, J.R. 2012. USGS Environmental health science strategy—Providing environmental health science for a changing world—Public review release U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2012–1069, 37 p.

Calkins, M. T., Beever, E. A., Boykin, K. G., Frey, J. K. and Andersen, M. C. 2012. Not-so-splendid isolation: modeling climate-mediated range collapse of a montane mammal Ochotona princeps across numerous ecoregions. Ecography. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0587.2011.07227.x

Chong, G.W., and Allen, L.A. 2012. What are plants doing and when? Using plant phenology to facilitate sustainable natural resources management: WLCI Fact Sheet 3, 2 p.

Corn, P.S., Muths, E., Pilliod, D.S., 2012, Long-term observations of boreal toads at an ARMI apex site In Andersen, C., ed., Questioning Greater Yellowstone’s Future- Climate, Land Use, and Invasive Species. Questioning Greater Yellowstone’s Future: Climate, Land Use, and Invasive Species. Proceedings of the 10th Biennial Scientific Conference on the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Yellowstone National Park, WY, and Laramie, WY, Yellowstone Center for Resources and University of Wyoming William D. Ruckelshaus Institute of Environment and Natural Resources, p. 101-104.

Creech, T. G., Cross, P. C., Scurlock, B. M., Maichak, E. J., Rogerson, J. D., Henningsen, J. C. and Creel, S. (2012), Effects of low-density feeding on elk–fetus contact rates on Wyoming feedgrounds. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 76: 877–886. doi: 10.1002/jwmg.331

Davison, J. E., L. J. Graumlich, E. L. Rowland, G. T. Pederson, and D. D. Breshears. 2012. Leveraging modern climatology to increase adaptive capacity across protected area networks. Global Environmental Change, 22, 268-274.

Forristal, Victoria E., Scott Creel, Mark L. Taper, Brandon M. Scurlock, Paul C. Cross. 2012. Effects of Supplemental Feeding and Aggregation on Fecal Glucocorticoid Metabolite Concentrations in Elk. The Journal of Wildlife Management 76(4):694–702; 2012; DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.312

Gould William R., Debra A. Patla, Rob Daley, Paul Stephen Corn, Blake R. Hossack, Robert Bennetts and Charles R. Peterson. 2012. Estimating Occupancy in Large Landscapes: Evaluation of Amphibian Monitoring in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Wetlands. DOI: 10.1007/s13157-012-0273-0

Halbert, Natalie D., Peter J. P. Gogan, Philip W. Hedrick, Jacquelyn M. Wahl, And James N. Derr.2012. Genetic Population Substructure in Bison at Yellowstone National Park. Journal of Heredity 2012:103(3):360–370.

Hopkins III, John B., P.L. Koch, C.C. Schwartz, J.M. Ferguson, S.S. Greenleaf, and S.T. Kalinowski. 2012. Stable Isotopes to Detect Food-Conditioned Bears and to Evaluate Human-Bear Management. The Journal of Wildlife Management. 76(4):703–713; 2012; DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.318

Isaak, D., C. Muhlfeld, A. Todd, R. Al-Chokhachy, J. Roberts, J. Kershner, K. Fausch, S. Hostetler. 2012. The Past as a Prelude to the Future for Understanding 21st Century Climate Effects on Rocky Mountain Trout. Fisheries. Vol 37, N12, Dec, 542-556.

Malanson, G.P., L.E. Bengtson, and D.B. Fagre. 2012. Geomorphic Determinants of Species Composition of Alpine Tundra, Glacier National Park, U.S.A. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research. 44(2) 197-209 doi: 10.1657/1938-4246-44.2.197

Muhlfeld, Clint C., B. Marotz, and J. Joseph Giersch. 2012. Seasonal movements of introduced lake trout within a connected lake and river system. Fisheries Management and Ecology. (19)224–232. DOI: 10.1111/j1365-2400-2011-00821

Muhlfeld, Clint C., Simon R. Thorrold, Thomas E. McMahon, Brian Marotz. 2012. Estimating westslope cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii lewisi) movements in a river network using strontium isoscapes. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 69(5): 906-915, 10.1139/f2012-033.

Muhlfeld, C. M., et al. 2012. A Fine-scale Assessment of Using Barriers to Conserve Native Stream Salmonids: A Case Study in Akokala Creek, Glacier National Park, USA. The Open Fish Science Journal. (5) 9-20.

Mumma, S. A., Whitlock, Cathy, Pierce, Kenneth. 2012. A 28,000 year history of vegetation and climate from Lower Red Rock Lake, Centennial Valley, southwestern Montana, USAM: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 326-328, p. 30-41.

Neville, H.M., R.E Gresswell, and J.B. Dunham. Genetic variation reveals influence of landscape connectivity on population dynamics and resiliency of western trout in disturbance-prone habitats. Pages 177-186 Luce, C., P. Morgan, K. Dwire, D. Isaak, Z. Holden, and B. Rieman. 2012. Climate change, forests, fire, water, and fish: Building resilient landscapes, streams, and managers. General Technical Report RMRS-GTR-290. USDA, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fort Collins, CO.

Pierce, K. 2012. Landforms, Yellowstone volcano, Yellowstone glaciation, and Yellowstone Lake. In Marcus, A.W., Meachan, J.E., Rodman, A.W., Steingisser, A.Y., Allan, S., and West, R. (Eds.), The Atlas of Yellowstone (271 pp). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Peitzsch, E.H., J. Hendrikx, D.B. Fagre, B. Reardon. 2012. Examining spring wet slab and glide avalanche occurrence along the Going-to-the-Sun Road corridor, Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. doi:10.1016/j.coldregions.2012.01.012

Peterman, Zell E., Joanna Thamke, Kiyoto Futa, Todd Preston. 2012. Strontium isotope systematics of mixing groundwater and oil-field brine at Goose Lake in northeastern Montana, USA. Applied Geochemistry. 27:2403-2408. doi: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2012.08.004

Plowright, R.K., P.C. Cross, G.M. Tabor, E. Almberg, L. Bienen, P. Hudson. 2012. Climate-change adaptation and disease dynamics. In A. Aguirre, R. Ostfeld, and P. Daszak (Eds.), New Directions in Conservation Medicine: Applied Cases of Ecological Health (pp. 111-121). Oxford, NY: Oxford University Press.

Proctor, M. F., Paetkau, D., Mclellan, B. N., Stenhouse, G. B., Kendall, K. C., Mace, R. D., Kasworm, W. F., Servheen, C., Lausen, C. L., Gibeau, M. L., Wakkinen, W. L., Haroldson, M. A., Mowat, G., Apps, C. D., Ciarniello, L. M., Barclay, R. M. R., Boyce, M. S., Schwartz, C. C. and Strobeck, C. 2012. Population fragmentation and inter-ecosystem movements of grizzly bears in western Canada and the northern United States. Wildlife Monographs, 180: 1–46. doi: 10.1002/wmon.6

Ratnayeke, S.,and F. T. van Manen. 2012. Assessing sloth bears as surrogates for carnivore conservation in Sri Lanka. Ursus 23(2):206–217.

Ray, Andrew M., Andy Hamilton, Chelsea Aquino and James C. Litts. 2012. Using Vegetative Nutrient Stocks to Compare Restored and Reference Wetlands in the Upper Klamath Basin, Oregon. Wetlands.

Rieman, B.E., R.E. Gresswell, and J. Rinne. Fire and fish: a synthesis of observation and experience. Pages 159-175 in Luce, C., P. Morgan, K. Dwire, D. Isaak, Z. Holden, and B. Rieman. 2012. Climate change, forests, fire, water, and fish: Building resilient landscapes, streams, and managers. General Technical Report RMRS-GTR-290. USDA, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fort Collins, CO.

Rodhouse, T.J, P.C. Ormsbee, K. Irvine, L.A. Vierling, J.M. Szewczak, and K.T. Vierling. In press. Assessing the status and trend of bat populations across broad geographic regions with dynamic distribution models. Ecological Applications. doi: 10.1890/11-1662.1

Saros, Jasmine E., Jeffery R. Stone, Gregory Thomas Pederson, Krista E. H. Slemmons, Trisha Spanbauer, Anna Schliep, Douglas Cahl, Craig E. Williamson, and Daniel R. Engstrom. In press. Climate-Induced Changes in Lake Ecosystem Structure Inferred from Coupled Neo- and Paleo-ecological Approaches. Ecology. 10.1890/11-2218.1

Sepulveda, A. J., Lowe, W. H. and Marra, P. P. 2012. Using stable isotopes to test for trophic niche partitioning: a case study with stream salamanders and fish. Freshwater Biology.

Sepulveda, A. J. and L. B. Marczak. 2012. Active dispersal of an aquatic invader determined by resource and flow conditions. Biological Invasions. 14(6) 1201-1209.

Sepulveda, Adam, Andrew Ray, Robert Al-Chokhachy, Clint Muhlfeld, Robert Gresswell, Jackson Gross and Jeff Kershner. 2012. Aquatic Invasive Species: Lessons from Cancer Research. American Scientist. 100 (234-242).

Sharp, J. L., Sojda, R. S., Greenwood, M., Rosenberry, D. O. and Warren, J. M. 2012. Statistical classification of vegetation and water depths in montane wetlands. Ecohydrology. doi: 10.1002/eco.1252

Torgersen, C.E., C.V. Baxter, J.L. Ebersole, and R.E. Gresswell. 2012. Incorporating spatial context into the analysis of salmonid–habitat relationships. Pages 216-224 in M. Church, P.M. Biron, and A. Roy, editors. Gravel-bed rivers: Processes, tools, environments. John Wiley & Sons Limited, Chichester, UK.

Udevitz, Mark S. and Peter J. P. Gogan. 2012. Estimating survival rates with time series of standing age-structure data. Ecology. 93(4) 726–732.

van Manen FT, Haroldson MA, West K, editors. 2012. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2011. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey.

Whitlock, C., Dean, W.E., Fritz, S.C., Stevens, L.R., Stone, J.R., Power, M.J., Rosenbaum, J.R., Pierce, K.L., Bracht-Flyr, B.B.. 2012. Holocene seasonal variability inferred from multiple proxy records from Crevice Lake, Yellowstone National Park, USA. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 331-332: 90-103.

2011

Al-Chokhachy, Robert , Roper, Brett B. , Archer, Eric K. and Miller, Scott. 2011. Quantifying the Extent of and Factors Associated with the Temporal Variability of Physical Stream Habitat in Headwater Streams in the Interior Columbia River Basin, Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 140: 2, 399 — 414, First published on: 11 April
2011 (iFirst)

Al-Chokhachy, R., B. Roper, E. Archer, and S. Miller. 2011. Evaluating factors affecting the temporal variability in instream physical habitat. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society: 140:399-414.

Almberg, ES, DL Mech, PC Cross, DW Smith, JW Sheldon & RL Crabtree. 2011. Infectious disease in Yellowstone National Park’s canid community. Yellowstone Science. 19(2):16-24

Almberg, ES, PC Cross, D Heisey, CJ Johnson & BJ Richards. 2011. Modeling routes of chronic wasting disease transmission: Environmental prion persistence promotes deer population decline and extinction. PLoS ONE: e19896. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0019896

Ault, Toby R., Alison K. Macalady, Gregory T. Pederson, Julio L. Betancourt, Mark D. Schwartz, 2011: Northern Hemisphere Modes of Variability and the Timing of Spring in Western North America. J. Climate, 24, 4003–4014. doi: 10.1175/2011JCLI4069.1

Bai, Y, PC Cross, L Malania, M Kosoy. 2011. Isolation of Bartonella capreoli from elk in the northern Rocky Mountains. Veterinary Microbiology. 148:329-332.

Beever, E.A.and J.L. Wilkening. 2011. Playing by new rules: altered climates are affecting some pikas dramatically – and rapidly. The Wildlife Professional. 5(3): 38-41.

Beever, E.A., and A. Woodward. 2011. Design of ecoregional monitoring in protected areas of high-latitude ecosystems under contemporary climate change. Biological Conservation. 144(5):1258-1269.

Beever, E.A., and A. Woodward. 2011. Ecoregional-scale monitoring within conservation areas, in a rapidly changing climate. Biological Conservation. 144(5):1255-1257.

Beever, E.A., C. Ray, J.L. Wilkening, P.F. Brussard and P.W. Mote. 2011. Contemporary climate change alters the pace and drivers of extinction. Global Change Biology. 17(6):2054–2070. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02389.x

Beever, E.A., and C. Aldridge. 2011. Influences of free-roaming equids on biological integrity of sagebrush communities in the historic range of greater sage-grouse. Studies in Avian Biology. 38:273-290.

Bowen, ZH, CL Aldridge, PJ Anderson, TJ Assal, LRH Biewick, SW Blecker, GK Boughton, S Bristol, NB Carr, AD Chalfoun, GW Chong, ML Clark, JE Diffendorfer, BC Fedy, K Foster, SL Garman, S Germaine, J Holloway, C Homer, MJ Kauffman, D Keinath, N Latysh, D Manier, RR McDougal, CP Melcher, KA Miller, J Montag, CJ Potter, S Schell, SL Shafer, DB Smith, LL Stillings, M Tuttle, AB Wilson. 2011. U.S. Geological Survey Science for the Wyoming Landscape Conservation Initiative—2010 Annual Report: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011-1219, 147 p.

Chen, X., JE Vogelmann, M Rollins, D Ohlen, CH Key, L Yang, C Huang, H Shi. August 2011. Detecting post-fire burn severity and vegetation recovery using multitemporal remote sensing spectral indices and field-collected composite burn index data in a ponderosa pine forest. International Journal of Remote Sensing. DOI:10.1080/01431161.2010.524678

Chen, X., JE Vogelmann, M Rollins, D Ohlen, CH Key, L Yang, C Huang, H Shi. August 2011. Detecting post-fire burn severity and vegetation recovery using multitemporal remote sensing spectral indices and field-collected composite burn index data in a ponderosa pine forest. International Journal of Remote Sensing. DOI:10.1080/01431161.2010.524678

Chong, G.W., Wetzel, W. and Holloran, M. 2011. Greater sage-grouse of Grand Teton National Park: Where do they roam? Park Science 27(3):36-43.

Chong, G.W., Barnett, D.T., Chemel, B., Renkin, R. and Sikkink, P. 2011. Vegetation Monitoring to Detect and Predict Vegetation Change: Connecting Historical and Future Shrub/Steppe Data in Yellowstone National Park. In Proceedings of the 10th Biennial Scientific Conference on the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, October 11-13, 2010, Mammoth Hot Springs Hotel, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming.

Connelly, J.W., C.E. Braun, S.T. Knick, W.L. Baker, E.A. Beever, et al. 2011. Conservation of Greater Sage-Grouse: a synthesis of current trends and future management. Studies in Avian Biology. 38:549-563.

Corn PS, Muths E, Kissel AM, Scherer RD. 2011. Breeding chorus indices are weakly related to estimated abundance of boreal chorus frogs. Copeia 2011:365–371.

Corn PS, Muths E, Pilliod DS. 2011. Long-term observations of boreal toads at an ARMI apex site. In Proceedings of the 10th Biennial Scientific Conference on the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, October 11-13, 2010, Mammoth Hot Springs Hotel, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming.

Drinan, Daniel P, S. Kalinowski, N. V Vu, B.B. Shepard, C.C. Muhlfeld, and M.R. Campbell. 2011. Genetic variation in westslope cutthroat trout Oncorhynchus clarkii lewisi: implications for conservation. Conservation Genetics. DOI 10.1007/s10592-011-0249-2

Ebinger, MR, PC Cross, R Wallen, PJ White & J Treanor. 2011. Modeling Brucellosis Management in Bison: A Heuristic Model of Management Actions on Disease Dynamics. Ecological Applications 21:2944-2959.

Graves, T.A., K.C. Kendall, J.A. Royle, J.B Stetz, and A.C. Macleod. 2011. Linking landscape characteristics to local grizzly bear abundance using multiple detection methods in a hierarchical model. Animal Conservation 2011:1-13.

Greenwood, M.C., R.S. Sojda, J.L. Sharp, R.G. Peck, and D.O. Rosenberry. 2011. Journal of Data Science 9:399-426.

Gresswell, B. 2011. Keynote: Developing priorities for managing invasive species in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Pages 32–37. In C. Andersen, editor. Questioning Greater Yellowstone’s Future: Climate, Land Use, and Invasive Species. Proceedings of the 10th Biennial Scientific Conference on the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Yellowstone Center for Resources and University of Wyoming William D. Ruckelshaus Institute of Environment and Natural Resources.

Gresswell, R. E. 2011. Biology, Status, and Management of the Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 31:5, 782-812.

Harris Richard B., Charles C. Schwartz, Richard D. Mace, and Mark A. Haroldson. 2011. Study design and sampling intensity for demographic analyses of bear populations. Ursus. Vol. 22, Issue 1, pg(s) 24-36 doi: 10.2192/URSUS-D-10-00028.1

Hatala, Jaclyn A., Michael C. Dietze, Robert L. Crabtree, Katherine Kendall, Diana Six, and Paul R. Moorcroft. 2011. An ecosystem-scale model for the spread of a host-specific forest pathogen in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Ecological Applications 21:1138–1153. [doi:10.1890/09-2118.1]

Hossack, B. R., R. L. R. L. Newell, and D. E. D. E. Ruiter. 2011. New collection records and range extension for the caddisfly Arctopora salmon (Smith, 1969) (Trichoptera: Limnephilidae). Pan Pacific Entomologist 87:206-208.

Hossack, B.R., Pilliod, D.S., 2011, Amphibian responses to wildfire in the western United States- Emerging patterns from short-term studies. Fire Ecology, v. 7, no. 2, p. 129-144.

Irvine, K.I, E.C. Dinger, and D. Sarr. 2011. A power analysis for multivariate tests of temporal trend in species composition. Ecology 92(10): 1879-1886

Irvine, K. and A. Gitelman. 2011. Graphical Spatial Models: a new view on spatial pattern. Environmental and Ecological Statistics. 18(3) 447-469. DOI: 10.1007/s10651-010-0146-8

Jean, C., E. Shanahan, R. Daley, S. Podruzny, J. Canfield, G. DeNitto, D., Reinhart, C. Schwartz. 2011. Monitoring insect and disease in whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis) in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem for the Yellowstone Science conference proceedings.

LaBeaud, AD, PC Cross, WM Getz, A Glinka & CH King. 2011. Rift Valley fever virus infection in African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) herds in rural South Africa: Evidence of inter-epizootic transmission. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.84(4):641-646.

Landguth, E. L. C. C. Muhlfeld and G. Luikart. 2011. CDFISH: an individual-based, spatiallyexplicit, landscape genetics simulator for aquatic species in complex riverscapes. Conservation Genetics Resources. DOI: 10.1007/s12686-011-9492-6 .

Liu, J., JE Vogelmann, Z Zhu, CH Key, BM Sleeter, DT Price, JM Cheng, MA Cochran, JC Eidenshink, SM Howard, NB Bliss, H Jiang. 2011. Estimating California ecosystem carbon change using process model and land cover disturbance data: 1951–2000. Ecological Modelling 222(2011):2333-2341.

Lutz, James A., Carl H. Key, Crystal A. Kolden, Jonathan T. Kane, and Jan W. van Wagtendonk. 2011. Fire frequency, area burned, and severity: A quantitative approach to defining a normal fire year. Fire Ecology. 7(2) 51-65. DOI:10.4996/fireecology.0702051.

Mace, R. D., et al. 2011. Grizzly bear population vital rates and trend in the Northern Continental Divide Ecosystem, Montana. The Journal of Wildlife Management. 76(1): 119-128. doi: 10.1002/jwmg.250.

Malanson, G.P., J.P. Rose, J. Schroeder, and D.B. Fagre. 2011. Contexts for change in alpine tundra.. Physical Geography. 32(2): 97–113.

Malanson, G.P., L.M. Resler, M.Y. Bader, F.K. Holtmeier, D.R. Butler, D.J. Weiss, L.D. Daniels, and D.B. Fagre. 2011. . Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 43(2):167-177. 2011. doi: 10.1657/1938-4246-43.2.167.

Miller, D. S., et al. 2011. Shared bacterial and viral respiratory agents in Bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis), Domestic Sheep (Ovis aries), and goats (Capra hircus) in Montana. Veterinary Medicine International. 2011: 1-12.

Muhlfeld, Clint C, J. Joseph Giersch, F. Richard Hauer, Gregory T. Pederson, Gordon Luikart, Douglas P. Peterson, Christopher C. Downs, and Daniel B. Fagre. 2011. Climate change links fate of glaciers and an endemic alpine invertebrate. Climatic Change Letters. DOI 10.1007/s10584-011-0057-1

Muhlfeld, Clint C., Leslie Jones, Daniel Kotter, William J. Miller, Doran Geise, Joel Tohtz, and Brian Marotz. 2011. Assessing the impacts of river regulation on native bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) and westslope cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii lewisi) habitats in the upper Flathead River, Montana, USA. River Research and Applications. DOI: 10.1002/rra.1494

Murphy PJ, St-Hilaire S, Corn PS. 2011. Temperature, hydric environment, and prior pathogen exposure alter the experimental severity of chytridiomycosis in boreal toads. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 95:31–42.

Pederson, G. T., S. T. Gray, C. A. Woodhouse, J. L. Betancourt, D. B. Fagre, J. S. Littell, E. Watson, B. H. Luckman, and L. J. Graumlich, 2011: The Unusual Nature of Recent Snowpack Declines in the North American Cordillera. Science, 9 June 2011: 1201570Published online 9 June 2011 [DOI:10.1126/science.1201570]

Pederson, Gregory T., Stephen T. Gray, Toby Ault, Wendy Marsh, Daniel B. Fagre, Andrew G. Bunn, Connie A. Woodhouse, Lisa J. Graumlich, 2011. Climatic Controls on the Snowmelt Hydrology of the Northern Rocky Mountains. J. Climate, 24, 1666–1687. doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3729.1

Peterson, D.L., Allen, C.D., Baron, J.S., Fagre, D., McKenzie, D., Stephenson, N.L., Fountain, A.G., Hicke, J.A., Malanson, G.P., Tague, C.L., and van Mantgem, P.J. 2011. Response of Western mountain ecosystems to climatic variability and change: a collaborative research approach. Pages 163-190 In: J. Bellant and E. Beever (eds.), Ecological Consequences of Climate Change: Mechanisms, Conservation, and Management. Taylor and Francis Publishing, New York, NY. 302 pp.

Pierce, K.L., Muhs, D.R., Fosberg, M.A., Mahan, S.A., Rosenbaum, J.G., Licciardi, J.M., and Pavich, M.J., 2011, A loess-paleosol record of climate and glacial history over the past two glacial-interglacial cycles (~150 ka), southern Jackson Hole, Wyoming: Quaternary Research 26, 119-141.

Proctor, M.F., et al. 2012. Population Fragmentation and Inter-Ecosystem Movements of Grizzly Bears in Western Canada and the Northern United States. Wildlife Monographs. 180:1-46. doi: 10.1002/wmon.6.

Rodhouse, T. J., K. T. Vierling, and K. M. Irvine. 2011.A practical sampling design for acoustic surveys of bats. The Journal of Wildlife Management. DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.151

Romme, W. H., Boyce, M. S., Gresswell R. E., et al. 2011. Twenty Years After the 1988 Yellowstone Fires: Lessons About Disturbance and Ecosystems. Ecosystems. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-011-9470-6

Ruth, T. K., Haroldson, M. A., Murphy, K. M., Buotte, P. C., Hornocker, M. G. and Quigley, H. B. (2011), Cougar survival and source-sink structure on Greater Yellowstone's Northern Range. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 75: 1381–1398. doi: 10.1002/jwmg.190

Schwartz CCM, Haroldson MA, West K, editors. 2011. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2010. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey.

Schweiger, E. W., Ashton, I. W., Muhlfeld, C. C., Jones, L. A. and Bahls, L. L. 2011. The distribution and abundance of a nuisance native alga, Didymosphenia geminata, in streams of Glacier National Park: Climate drivers and management implications. ParkScience 28(2):88–91.

Sepulveda, Adam J. and Winsor H. Lowe. 2011. Coexistence in streams: do source–sink dynamics allow salamanders to persist with fish predators? Oecologia. 166:1043–1054. DOI 10.1007/s00442-011-1935-y

Sepulveda, A.J. and L.B. Marczak. 2011. Active dispersal of an aquatic invader determined by resource and flow conditions. Biological invasions. Online First: 2 December 2011. doi: 10.1007/s10530-011-0149-x

Serrano, E., P.C. Cross, M. Beneria, A. Ficapal, J. Curia, S. Marco, X. Lavín & I. Marco. 2011. Decreasing prevalence of brucellosis in red deer through efforts to control disease in livestock. Epidemiology and Infection (2011), 139, 1626-1630. DOI:10.1017/S0950268811000951.

Shepard, B.B., S. Optiz, and R. Al-Chokhachy. 2011. Long-term and short-term invasion of nonnative brook trout into habitats occupied by native Yellowstone cutthroat trout in the Shields River basin of Montana. In William D. Ruckelshaus, W. D., editor. The 10th Biennial Scientific Conference on the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Questioning Greater Yellowstone’ future: climate, land use, and invasive species. Institute of Environment and Natural Resources, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY.

Shoo LP, Olson DH, McMenamin SK, Murray KA, Van Sluys M, Donnelly MA, Stratford D, Terhivuo J, Merino-Viteri A, Herbert SM, Bishop PJ, Corn PS, Dovey L, Griffiths RA, Lowe K, Mahony M, McCallum H, Shuker JD, Simpkins C, Skerratt LF, Williams SE, Hero JM. 2011. Engineering a future for amphibians under climate change. Journal of Applied Ecology 48:487–492.

Short Bull, R.A., S.A. Cushman, R. Mace, T. Chilton, K.C. Kendall, E.L. Landguth, M.K. Schwartz, K. McKelvey, F.W. Allendorf, and G. Luikart. Molecular Ecology 20(6):1092-1107.

Smith, S. B., Odion, D. C., Starr, D. A. and Irvine, K. I. 2011. Monitoring direct and indirect climate effects on whitebark pine ecosystems at Crater Lake National Park. ParkScience 28(2):92–94.

Wilkening, J.L., C. Ray, E.A. Beever, and P.F. Brussard. 2011. Modeling contemporary range retraction in Great Basin pikas (Ochotona princeps) using data on microclimate and microhabitat. Quaternary International. 235:77-88.

Williams, Jack E. , Williams, Richard N. , Thurow, Russell F. , Elwell, Leah , Philipp, David P. , Harris, Fred A. , Kershner, Jeffrey L. , Martinez, Patrick J. , Miller, Dirk , Reeves, Gordon H. , Frissell, Christopher A. and Sedell, James R. 2011. Native Fish Conservation Areas: A Vision for Large-Scale Conservation of Native Fish Communities, Fisheries, 36: 6, 267 — 277

Woodward, A., and E.A. Beever. 2011. Conceptual ecological models to support detection of ecological change on Alaska National Wildlife Refuges. USGS Open-File Report 2011-1085. 136pp.

Woodhouse, C. A., G. T. Pederson, and S. T. Gray:
An 1800-yr record of decadal-scale hydroclimatic variability in the upper Arkansas River basin from bristlecone pine.
Quaternary Research. 75(3) 483-490.

2010

Almberg, E.S., P.C. Cross & D.W. Smith. Online. Persistence of canine distemper virus in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem’s carnivore community. Ecological Applications 20(7): 2058-2074.

Aryal A., Sathyakumar S., Schwartz C.C. 2010. Current status of brown bears in the Manasalu Conservation Area, Nepal. Ursus 21(1):109-114.

Cross, PC, MR Ebinger, V Patrek, & R Wallen. 2010. Brucellosis in cattle, bison, and elk: Management conflicts in a society with diverse values. In: Johnson J, editor. Knowing Yellowstone: Science in America’s First National Park. Boulder, CO: Taylor Trade Publishing. pp. 81-94.

Cross P.C., Heisey DM, Scurlock BM, Edwards WH, Ebinger MR, et al. 2010 Mapping Brucellosis Increases Relative to Elk Density Using Hierarchical Bayesian Models. PLoS ONE 5(4): e10322. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0010322

Cross, P.C., E.K. Cole, A.P. Dobson, W.H. Edwards, K.L. Hamlin, G. Luikart, A.D. Middleton, B.M. Scurlock, and P.J. White. 2010. Probable causes of increasing elk brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Ecological Applications 20(1): 278-288.

Dratch, P. A., and P. J. P. Gogan. 2010. Bison Conservation Initiative: Bison Conservation Genetics Workshop: report and recommendations. Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/BRMD/NRR—2010/257. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.

Gates, C. C. and P. J. P. Gogan. Introduction: The context. Pages 1 – 4 in Gates, C. C., C. H. Freese, P. J. P. Gogan and M. Kotzman. 2010 (editors). American bison status survey and conservation guidelines 2010. International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Gland Switzerland. 134pp.

Gates, C. C., R. O. Stephenson, P. J. P. Gogan, C. H. Freese and K.Kunkel. 2010. Guidelines for ecological restoration of bison. Pages 103 – 112 in Gates, C. C., C. H. Freese, P. J. P. Gogan and M. Kotzman. 2010 (editors). American bison status survey and conservation guidelines 2010. International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Gland Switzerland. 134pp.)

Gates, C. C., C. H. Freese, P. J. P. Gogan and M. Kotzman. 2010 (editors). American bison status survey and conservation guidelines 2010. International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Gland Switzerland. 134pp.

Goebel, A.M., Ranker, T.A., Corn, P.C., and Olmstead, R.G. 2009. Mitochondrial DNA evolution in the Anaxyrus boreas species group. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 50:209–225.

Gogan, P. J. P., N. C. Larter, J. H. Shaw and J. E. Gross. 2010. General biology, ecology and demographics. Pages 39 – 54 in Gates, C. C., C. H. Freese, P. J. P. Gogan and M. Kotzman. 2010 (editors). American bison status survey and conservation guidelines 2010. International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Gland Switzerland. 134pp.

Good, J.D., and Pierce, K.L., 2010 (first edition 1996), Interpreting the Landscapes of Grand Teton and Yellowstone National Parks, Recent and Ongoing Geology: Grand Teton National History Association, 66 p., 70 illustrations. Fifth revised printing, 2010.

Gresswell, R.E. and B. Vondracek. 2010. Chapter 18 Coldwater Streams. Pages 587-618 in W. Hubert and M. Quist, editors. Inland fisheries management in North America, Third Edition. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.

Haroldson M.A., Schwartz C.C., Kendall K.C., Gunther K.A., Moody D.S., Frey K., and Paetkau D. 2010. Genetic analysis of individual origins supports isolation of grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Ursus 21(1):1-13.

Haak, A.L., Williams, J.E., Isaak, D., Todd, A., Muhlfeld, C., Kershner, J.L., Gresswell, R., Hostetler, S., and Neville, H.M., 2010, The potential influence of changing climate on the persistence of salmonids of the inland west: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010–1236, 74 p.

Heisey, D.M., E.E. Osnas, P.C. Cross, D.O. Joly, J.A. Langenberg and M.W. Miller. 2010. Linking process to pattern: estimating spatiotemporal dynamics of a wildlife epidemic from cross-sectional data. Ecological Monographs: Vol. 80, No. 2, pp. 221-240. doi: 10.1890/09-0052.1

Hopkins, J.B., S. Herrero, R. Shideler, K. Gunter, C. Schwartz, and S. Kalinowski. 2010. A proposed lexicon of terms and concepts for human–bear management in North America. Ursus 21(2):154-168.

Hossack, B. R., R. L. Newell, and C. R. Rogers. 2010. Branchiopods (Anostraca, Notostraca) from protected areas of western Montana. Northwest Science 84(1): 52-59.

Hossack, B. R., M. J. Adams, E. H. Campbell Grant, C. A. Pearl, J. B. Bettaso, W. J. Barichivich, W. H. Lowe, K. True, J. L. Ware, and P. S. Corn. 2010. Low prevalence of chytrid fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) in U.S. headwater amphibians. Journal of Herpetology. 44(2): 253-260. l PDF l

Kalinowksi, S.T., CC. Muhlfeld, C.S. Guy, and B. Cox. 2010. Founding population size of an aquatic invasive species. Conservation Genetics. DOI 10.1007/s10592-009-0041-8.

Kershner, J.L. and B.B. Roper. 2010. An Evaluation of Management Objectives Used to Assess Stream Habitat Conditions on Federal Lands within the Interior Columbia Basin. Fisheries. 35(6) 269-278.

McWethy D. B., S. T. Gray, P. E. Higuera, J. S. Littell, G. T. Pederson, A. J. Ray, and C. Whitlock. 2010. Climate and terrestrial ecosystem change in the U.S. Rocky Mountains and Upper Columbia Basin: Historical and future perspectives for natural resource management. Natural Resource Report NPS/GRYN/NRR—2010/260. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.

Pilliod, D. S., B. R. Hossack, P. F. Bahls, E. L. Bull, P. S. Corn, G. Hokit, B. A. Maxell, J. C. Munger, P. Murphy, A. Wyrick. 2010. Nonnative salmonids affect amphibian occupancy at multiple spatial scales. Diversity and Distributions. 16:959-974.

Pilliod, D.S., E. Muths, R. D. Scherer, P. E. Bartelt, P. S. Corn, B. R. Hossack, B. A. Lambert, R.
McCaffery, and C. Gaughan. 2010. Effects of amphibian chytrid fungus on individual survival probability in wild boreal toads. Conservation Biology 24: 1259-1267

Polansky, L., G. Wittemyer, P.C. Cross, C. Tambling & W.M. Getz. 2010. From moonlight to movement and synchronized randomness: Fourier and wavelet analyses of animal location time series data. Ecology: Vol. 91, No. 5, pp. 1506-1518. doi: 10.1890/08-2159.1

Prato, Tony, Qiu Zeyuan, Gregory Pederson, Dan Fagre, Lindsey E. Bengtson, and Jimmy R. Williams. 2010. Potential Economic Benefits of Adapting Agricultural Production Systems to Future Climate Change. Environmental Management 45(3): 577-589

Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA, West K, editors. 2010. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2010. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey.

Schwartz, C. C., S.L. Cain, S. Podruzny, S. Cherry, and L. Frattaroli. 2010. Contrasting Activity Patterns of Sympatric and Allopatric Black and Grizzly Bears. Journal of Wildlife Management 74(8):1628-1638.

Schwartz C.C., Haroldson M.A., West K., editors. 2010. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2009. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey.

Schwartz, C. C., M. A. Haroldson, G.C. White. 2010. Hazards Affecting Grizzly Bear Survival in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Journal of Wildlife Management 74(4):654-667.

Schwartz, C. C., M. A. Haroldson, and K. A. Gunther. 2010. Understanding grizzlies: Science of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team. Pages 51-63 in J. Johnson editor. Knowing Yellowstone: Science in America’s first National Park. Taylor Trade Publishing, Lanham, Maryland, USA.

Sipko, Taras, Sergei Trepet, Peter J. P. Gogan, and Ivan Mizin. 2010. Bringing wisents1 back to the Caucasus mountains: 70 years of a grand mission. European Bison Conservation Newsletter Vol 3 pp: 33–44.

Stetz, J. B., K. C. Kendall, and C. Servheen. 2010. Evaluation of bear rub tree surveys to monitor grizzly bear population trends. Journal of Wildlife Management. 74(4):860-870. [abstract] [PDF version (800KB)]

2009

Bar-David, S., I. Bar-David, P. C. Cross, S. J. Ryan, C. U. Knechtel, and W. M. Getz. 2009. Methods for assessing movement path recursion with application ot African buffalo in South Africa. Ecology 90:2467-2479.

Bennett, S.N., J. Olson, and J.L. Kershner. 2009. Influence of propagule pressure and stream characteristics on introgression between native Westslope cutthroat trout and introduced rainbow trout in British Columbia. Ecological Applications:.

Bennett, S. and J.L. Kershner. 2009. Levels of introgression in Westslope cutthroat populations eight years after changes to rainbow trout stocking programs in southeastern British Columbia. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 29:1271-1282.

Bowen, Z.H., Aldridge, C.L., Anderson, P.J., Assal, T., Baer, L.A., Bristol, S., Carr, N.B., Chong, G.W., Diffendorfer, J.E., Fedy, B.C., Garman, S.L., Germaine, S., Grauch, R.I., Homer, C., Manier, D., Kauffman, M.J., Latysh, N., Melcher, C.P., Miller, K.A., Montag, J., Nutt, C.J., Potter, C., Sawyer, H., Smith, D.B., Sweat, M.J., and Wilson, A.B., 2009, U.S. Geological Survey Science for the Wyoming Landscape Conservation Initiative—2008 Annual Report: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009–1201, 83 p.

Burnett, K.M., Torgersen, C.E., Steel, E.A., Larsen, D.P., Ebersole, J.L., Gresswell, R.E., Lawson, P.W., Miller, D.J., Rodgers, J.D., Stevens, Jr, D.L.. 2009. Data and modeling tools for assessing landscape-level influences on salmonid populations- Examples from western Oregon In Krueger, C.C., Zimmerman, C.E., eds., Pacific Salmon- Ecology and Management of Western Alaska's Populations: Bethesda, MD, American Fisheries Society, Symposium 70, p. 873-900.

Butler, D.R., G.P. Malanson, S.J. Walsh, and D.B. Fagre (eds). 2009. The Changing Alpine Treeline of Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. Elsevier, The Netherlands. 200pp.

Buys, D.J., R.H. Hilderbrand, and J.L. Kershner. 2009. The effects of varied densities on the growth and emigration of adult cutthroat trout and brook trout in fenced stream-enclosures. Western North American Naturalist 69: 371-381.

Chen, T-H, Gross, J. A., and Karasov, W.H. 2009. Chronic exposure to pentavalent arsenic of larval leopard frogs (Rana pipiens): bioaccumulation and reduced swimming performance. Ecotoxicology. 18(5):587-593

Cross PC, D Heisey, J Bowers, CT Hay, J Wolhuter, P Buss, M Hofmeyr, A Michel, TLF Bird, JT Du Toit & WM Getz. 2009. Disease, predation and demography: assessing the impacts of bovine tuberculosis on African buffalo by monitoring at individual and population levels. Journal of Applied Ecology 46: 467-475.

Cross PC, J Drewe, V Patrek, G Pearce MD Samuel & RJ Delahay. 2009. Host population structure and implications for disease management. Pages 9-30 In RJ Delahay, GC Smith, & MR Hutchings (eds.) Management of Disease in Wild Mammals. Springer-Verlag Tokyo, Inc. Tokyo.

Fagre, D.B. 2009. Introduction:Understanding the Importance of Alpine Treeline Ecotones in Mountain Ecosystems. Pages 1-9 in Butler, D.R., G.P. Malanson, S.J. Walsh, and D.B. Fagre (eds), The Changing Alpine Treeline of Glacier National Park, Montana, USA Elsevier, The Netherlands.

Gates, C. C., C. Freese, and P. J. P. Gogan. Editors. 2009. American bison: status survey and conservation guidelines. International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland.

Gresswell, Robert E. 2009. Scientific review panel evaluation of the National Park Service lake trout suppression program in Yellowstone Lake, August 25th–29th. Final Report. USGS Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center, Bozeman, Montana. YCR–2009–05.

Griffin, P. C., K. A. Schoenecker, P. J. P. Gogan and B. C. Lubow. 2009. Survey of ungulate abundance on Santa Rosa Island, Channel Islands National Park, California, March 2009. U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1243. 23pp.)

Gross, J. A., Johnson, P.T.J., Prahl, L. K., and Karasov, W.H. 2009. Critical period for effects of chronic cadmium exposure on growth and development in northern leopard frog (Rana pipiens) tadpoles. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 28:1227-1232

Hossack, B. R., M. J. Adams, E. H. Campbell Grant, C. A. Pearl, J. B. Bettaso, W. J. Barichivich, W. H. Lowe, K. True, J. L. Ware, and P. S. Corn. Accepted. Low prevalence of chytrid fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) in U.S. headwater amphibians. Journal of Herpetology. (available by request)

Hossack, B. R., E. Muths, C. Anderson, J. Kirshstein, and P. S. Corn. 2009. Distribution limits of the amphibian pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis: a case study in the Rocky Mountains, USA. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 45(4): 1198-1102.

Hossack, B. R., L. A. Eby, C. G. Guscio, and P. S. Corn. 2009. Thermal characteristics of amphibian microhabitats in a fire-disturbed landscape. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 1414-1421.

Kendall, K. C., J. B. Stetz, J. Boulanger, A. C. Macleod, D. Paetkau, and G. C. White. 2009. Demography and genetic structure of a recovering brown bear population. Journal of Wildlife Management. 73 (1):3-17. [abstract] [PDF version (3550KB)]

Maichak, EJ, BM Scurlock, JD Rogerson, LL Meadows, AE Barbknecht, WH Edwards, and PC Cross. 2009. Effects of management, behavior, and scavenging on risk of brucellosis transmission in elk of western Wyoming. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 45:398-410.

Morgan, L.A., H.E. Cathey, and K.L. Pierce. 2009. The Track of the Yellowstone Hotspot: Multi-disciplinary Perspectives on the Origin of the Yellowstone-Snake River Plain Volcanic Province Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 188:v-vi.

Muhlfeld, Clint C., Steven T. Kalinowski, Thomas E. McMahon, Mark L. Taper, Sally Painter, Robb F. Leary, and Fred W. Allendorf. Hybridization rapidly reduces reproductive success of a native trout in the wild. Biology Letters. 03/18/09

Muhlfeld, Clint C., Thomas E. McMahon, and Durae Belcer. 2009. Spatial and temporal dynamics of spawning between native westslope cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii lewisi), introduced rainbow trout (O. mykiss), and their hybrids. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 66:1153-1168.

Muhlfeld, Clint C., Thomas E. McMahon, Matthew C. Boyer, and Robert E. Gresswell. 2009. Local-habitat, watershed, and biotic factors in the spread of hybridization between native westslope cutthroat trout and introduced rainbow trout. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 138:1036-1051.

Murphy, Peter J., St-Hilaire, Sophie, Bruer, Sarah, Corn, Paul Stephen, and Peterson Charles R. 2009. Distribution and pathogenicity of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in boreal toads from the Grand Teton area of western Wyoming. EcoHealth 6:109–120.

Newell, R. L., and B. R. Hossack. 2009. Large, wetland-associated mayflies of Glacier National Park, Montana. Western North American Naturalist 69(3): 335-342.

Oosthuizen, C, PC Cross, JA Bowers, CT Hay, MR Ebinger, P Buss, M Hofmeyr, EZ Cameron. 2009. Chemical immobilization of African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) in Kruger National Park: Evaluating effects on movement, survival and reproduction. Journal of Wildlife Management.73(1):149-153.

Pederson, G.T., L.J. Graumlich, D.B. Fagre, T. Kipfer and C.C. Muhlfeld. 2009. A century of climate and ecosystem change in Western Montana: what do temperature trends portend?. Climatic Change 96: DOI 10.1007/s10584-009-9642-y, 22pp.

Pierce, K.L. and L.A. Morgan. 2009. Is the track of the Yellowstone hotspot driven by a deep mantle plume? — Review of volcanism, faulting, and uplift in light of new data Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 188:1-25.

Rizzoli, A.E., G. Leavesley, J.C. Ascough II, R.M. Argent, I.N. Athanasiadis, V. Brilhante, F.H.A. Claeys, O. David, M. Donatelli, P. Gijsbers, D. Havlik, A. Kassahun, P. Krause, N.W.T. Quinn, H. Scholten, R.S. Sojda, and F. Villa. 2009. Integrated modelling frameworks for environmental assessment and decision support. Chapter 7 in: Jakeman, A.J., A.A. Voinov, A.E. Rizzoli, and S.H. Chen, eds. Environmental modelling, software and decision support: state of the art and new perspectives. Elsevier. Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 366 pages.

Sànchez-Marrè, M., K. Gibert , R.S. Sojda, J.P. Steyer, P. Struss, I. Rodríguez-Roda, J. Comas, V. Brilhante, and E.A. Roehl. 2009. Intelligent environmental decision support systems. Chapter 8 in: Jakeman, A.J., A.A. Voinov, A.E. Rizzoli, and S.H. Chen, eds. Environmental modelling, software and decision support: state of the art and new perspectives. Elsevier. Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 366 pages.

Schwartz CC, Podruzny S, Cain SL, Cherry S. 2009. Performance of spread spectrum global positioning system collars on grizzly and black bears. Journal of Wildlife Management 73(7):1174-1182.

Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA, West K, editors. 2009. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2008. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey.

Wolhuter, J, RG Bengis, BK Reilly, & PC Cross. 2009. Clinical demodicosis in African Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) in the Kruger National Park. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 45:502-504.

2008

Boulanger, J., K. C. Kendall, J. B. Stetz, D. A. Roon, L. A. Waits, and D. Paetkau. 2008. Multiple data sources improve DNA-based mark-recapture population estimates of grizzly bears. Ecological Applications. 18(3):577–589. [abstract] [PDF version (650KB)]

Boyer, M, Clint C. Muhlfeld, and Fred Allendorf. 2008. Rainbow trout invasion and the spread of hybridization with westslope cutthroat trout. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. On-line-February.

Conner, MM, JA Blanchong, MR Ebinger, & PC Cross. 2008. Infectious disease in cervids of North America: models, data, & management challenges. The Year in Ecology and Conservation Biology. 1134: 146-172.

Cross, PC, J Drewe, V Patrek, G Pearce MD Samuel & RJ Delahay. 2008. Host population structure and implications for disease management. In RJ Delahay, GC Smith, & MR Hutchings (eds.) Management of Disease in Wild Mammals. Springer-Verlag Tokyo, Inc. Tokyo.

Guscio, C.G., B.R. Hossack, L.A. Eby, and P.S. Corn. 2008. Post-breeding habitat use by adult boreal toads (Bufo boreas) after wildfire in Glacier National Park, USA. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 3: 55-62.

Guy, T., Gresswell, R.E., Banks, M.A., 2008, Landscape-scale evaluation of genetic structure among barrier-isolated populations of coastal cutthroat trout, Oncorhynchus clarkii clarkii : Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, v. 65, p. 1749-1762. [ Description ] [ Full Text ]

Haroldson, M.A., C.C. Schwartz, and K.A. Gunther. 2008. Grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem: garbage, controversy, and decline to recovery. Yellowstone Science 16(2):13-24.

Haroldson, M.A., K.A. Gunther, and T. Wyman. 2008. Possible grizzly cub adoption in Yellowstone National Park. Yellowstone Science 16(2):42-44.

Hay, CT, PC Cross, & P Funston. 2008. Tradeoffs of predation and foraging explain sexual segregation in African buffalo (Syncerus caffer). Journal of Animal Ecology.77:850-858. * authors contributed equally.

Hossack, B. R., and P. S. Corn. 2008. Wildfire effects on water temperature and selection of breeding sites by the Boreal Toad (Bufo boreas) in seasonal wetlands. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 3: 46-54.

Kendall, K. C., J. B. Stetz, D. A. Roon, L. P. Waits, J. B. Boulanger, and D. Paetkau. 2008. Grizzly Bear Density in Glacier National Park, Montana. Journal of Wildlife Management . 72(8):1693-1705. [abstract] [PDF version (1000KB)]

Kendall, K. C. and K. S. McKelvey. 2008. Hair Collection. In R. Long, P. MacKay, J. Ray, and W. Zielinski, editors. Noninvasive survey methods for North American Carnivores. Island Press. Washington, DC. [Chapter Link]

Luikart, G., S. Zundel, D. Rioux, C. Miquel, K. A. Keating, J. T. Hogg, B. Steele, K. Foresman, and P. Taberlet. 2008. Low genotyping error rates and noninvasive sampling in bighorn sheep. Journal of Wildlife Management 72:299–304.[PDF]

Muhlfeld Clint C., David H. Bennett, Kirk Steinhorst, Brian Marotz, and Matthew C. Boyer. 2008. Using bioenergetics modeling to estimate consumption of native juvenile salmonids by nonnative northern pike in the upper Flathead River system, Montana. North American Journal of Fisheries Management. On-line April 2008.

Prato, A., B. Keane, and D. Fagre. 2008. Assessing and managing wildfire risk in the wildland-urban interface. Pg. 275-297 In Ecosystem ecology research trends. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., New York, USA.

Reardon, B. A., G. T. Pederson, C. J. Caruso, and D. B. Fagre. 2008. Spatial reconstructions and comparisons of historic snow avalanche frequency and extent using tree rings in Glacier National Park, Montana, U.S.A. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 40:148-160.

Reardon, B. A., J. T. Harper, and D. B. Fagre. 2008. Mass balance of a cirque glacier in the U.S. Rocky Mountains. Proceedings of the mass balance measurement and modeling workshop, Skeikampen, Norway, 26-28 March 2008. Annals of Glaciology 50: A074 1-5.

Reardon, B.A., J.T. Harper, and D. B. Fagre. 2008. Mass balance sensitivity of cirque glaciers in the northern U.S. Rocky Mountains, Montana, U.S.A. Annals of Glaciology 50A076. (see link above)

Sanderson, E. W., K. H. Redford, B. Weber, K. Aune, D. Baldes, J. Berger, D. Carter, C. Curtin, J. Derr, S. Dobrott, E. Fearn, C. Fleener, S. Forrest. C. Gerlach, C. C. Gates, J. E. Gross, P. Gogan, S. Grassel, J. A. Hilty, M. Jensen, K. Kunkel, D. Lammers, R. List, K. Minkowski. T. Olson, C. Pague, P. Robertson, and B. Stephenson. 2008. The ecological future of the North American bison: Conceiving long-term large-scale conservation of wildlife. Conservation Biology 22: 252 – 266.

Schwartz, C.C., and G.C. White. 2008. Estimating reproductive rates for female bears: proportions versus transition probabilities. Ursus 19(1):1-12.

Schwartz, C. C., M. A. Haroldson, S. Cherry, and K. A. Keating. 2008. Evaluation of rules to distinguish unique female grizzly bears with cubs in Yellowstone. Journal of Wildlife Management 72(2):543-554.

Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA, West K, editors. 2008. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2007. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey.

Swenson, J.E., and M.A. Haroldson. 2008. Observations of mixed-aged litters in brown bears. Ursus 19(1):73-79.

Torgersen, C.E., Gresswell, R.E., Bateman, D.S., Burnett, K.M., 2008, Spatial identification of tributary impacts in river networks In Rice, S., Roy, A., Rhoads, B., eds., River Confluences, Tributaries and the Fluvial Network: West Sussex, UK, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., p. 159-181. [FullText] Catalog No: 1680

Watson, E., G.T. Pederson, B.H. Luckman, and D.B. Fagre. 2008 (February). Glacier mass balance in the northern U.S. and Canadian Rockies: paleo-perspectives and 20th century change. Pages 141-153 In Ben Orlove, Ellen Wiegandt and Brian Luckman (Eds.), Darkening Peaks: Glacier Retreat, Science, and Society, University of California Press, Berkeley, CA. USA. 280pp.

Winnie, JA Jr., PC Cross, WM Getz. 2008. Habitat quality and heterogeneity influences distribution, individual and herd behavior in African Buffalo (Syncerus caffer). Ecology. 89: 1457-1468.

Wolhuter, J, RG Bengis, BK Reilly, PC Cross. Accepted pending revisions. Clinical demodicosis in African Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) in the Kruger National Park. Journal of Wildlife Diseases

2007

Barnett, D.T., T.J. Stohlgren, C.S. Jarnevich, G.W. Chong, J.A. Ericson, T.R. Davern, and S.E. Simonson. 2007. The art and science of weed mapping. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 132:235-252.

Bugmann, H., A. Bjornsen, F. Ewert, W. Haeberli, A. Guisan, D. Fagre, A. Kääb, and GLOCHAMORE Participants. 2007. Modeling the biophysical impacts of global change in mountain biosphere reserves. Mountain Research and Development. 27(1):66-77.

Cherry, S., G. C. White, K. A. Keating, M. A. Haroldson, and C. C. Schwartz. 2007. Evaluating estimators for numbers of females with cubs-of-the-year in the Yellowstone grizzly bear population. Journal of Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Statistics 12(2)195-215.

Chong, G.W. and T.J. Stohlgren. 2007. Species-area curves indicate habitats’ contributions to regional biodiversity. Ecological Indicators 7:387-395.

Coles-Ritchie, M.C., D.W. Roberts, J.L. Kershner, and R.C. Henderson. 2007. Use of a wetland rating system to evaluate changes in riparian vegetation after livestock exclusion. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 43(3): 731-743.

Conlon, J. M., C. R. Bevier, L. Coquet, J. Leprince, T. Jouenne, H. Vaudry, and B. R. Hossack. 2007. Peptidomic analysis of skin secretions supports separate species status for the tailed frogs, Ascaphus truei and Ascaphus montanus. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 2: 121-125.

Conner, MM, JE Gross, PC Cross, MD. Samuel, DT McKinnon, MM Miller, & MR Ebinger. 2007. Scale-dependent approaches to modeling spatial epidemiology of chronic wasting disease. E-book publication. Utah Division of Wildlife Resources. http://wildlife.utah.gov/diseases/cwd/e-book/

Corn PS. 2007. Amphibians and disease: implications for conservation in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Yellowstone Science 15(2):11–16. [invited contribution]

Cross, PC, WH Edwards, B Scurlock, E Machaik, & J Rogerson, 2007. Management and climate impacts on brucellosis in elk of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Ecological Applications.17(4):957-964.

Cross, PC, PLF Johnson, JO Lloyd-Smith, & WM Getz. 2007. Utility of R0 as a predictor of disease invasion in structured populations. Journal of the Royal Society Interface. 4: 315-324. [draft, appendices]

Cross, PC, G Plumb. 2007. Disease ecology of the Yellowstone National Park. Yellowstone Science. 15(2):4-7. http://www.nps.gov/yell/planyourvisit/yellsci-issues.htm (Also served as guest editor of this edition).

Cross, PC & WM Getz. 2006. Combining data and models of bovine Tb in African buffalo to assess research directions and management options. Ecological Modelling 196:494-504.

de la Fuente, J., M. Atkinson, V. Naranjo, I. G. Fernández de Mera, A. J. Mangold, K. A. Keating, K. M. Kocan. 2007. Sequence analysis of the msp4gene of Anaplasma ovisstrains. Veterinary Microbiology 119:375 –381.

Editorial Committee. 2007. Preface. Pages 11-12 in Proceedings of The First International Conference on the Impact of Climate Change: on High-Mountain Systems, Bogota, Colombia, November 21-23, 2005. Instituto de Hidrologia, Meteorologia y Estudios Ambientales - IDEAM, Bogota, Colombia. 294 p.

Erwin, S.O. and J.C. Schmidt. 2007. Bed load transport data collected on Pacific Creek and Buffalo Fork in Grand Teton National Park . Draft Annual Report – June 22, 2007

Fagre, D. B., D. L. Peterson, and D. McKenzie. 2007. Integrated research on climate change in mountain ecosystems: The CLIMET project. Pg. 257-271 In Martin F. Price, editor, Integrated Research and Management in Mountain Areas. EarthScan, U.K.

Fagre, D. 2007. Modeling and Monitoring Biophysical Dynamics and Change. Pages 171-186 In T. Prato and D. Fagre, editors. Sustaining Rocky Mountain Landscapes: Science, Policy and Management of the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem. RFF Press, Washington, D.C., USA. 321 pp.

Fagre, D. 2007. Ecosystem Responses to Global Climate Change. Pages 187-200 In T. Prato and D. Fagre, editors. Sustaining Rocky Mountain Landscapes: Science, Policy and Management of the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem. RFF Press, Washington, D.C., USA. 321 pp.

Fagre, D. B. 2007. Adapting to the reality of climate change at Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. Pages 221-235 in Proceedings of The First International Conference on the Impact of Climate Change: on High-Mountain Systems, Bogota, Colombia, November 21-23, 2005. Instituto de Hidrologia, Meteorologia y Estudios Ambientales - IDEAM, Bogota, Colombia. 294 p.

Fagre, D.B. and T. Prato. 2007. Sustaining Rocky Mountain Landscapes: A Focus on the Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park. Web proceedings of the Parks, Peace and Partnerships 2007 Conference, Waterton, Alberta, Canada. http://www.peaceparks2007.org/index.php

Field KJ, Tracy CR, Medica PA, Marlow RW, Corn PS. 2007. Return to the wild: translocation as a tool in conservation of the Desert Tortoise (Gopherus agassizii). Biological Conservation 136:232–245.

Freeman, J.P., T.J. Stohlgren, M.E. Hunter, P.N. Omi, E.J. Martinson, G.W. Chong, and C.S. Brown. 2007. Rapid assessment of post-fire plant invasions in coniferous forests of the western U.S. Ecological Applications 17(6):1656-1665.

Freese, C. H., K. E. Aune, D. P. Boyd, J. N. Derr, S. C. Forrest, C. C. Gates, P.J.P. Gogan, S. M. Grassel, N. D. Halbert, K. Kunkel, and K. H. Redford. 2007. Second chance for the plains bison. Biological Conservation 136: 175 – 184.

Getz, WM, S Fortmann-Roe, PC Cross, AJ Lyons, SJ Ryan, CC Wilmers. 2007. LoCoH: Non-parameteric kernel methods for constructing home ranges and utilization distributions. PLoS One 2(2): e207.

Gogan, P. J. P., T. O. Lemke, D. B. Tyers and P. J. White. 2007. The northern Yellowstone elk herd; management policy and natural regulation. Pages 37 – 43 (Japanese) and 224 – 229 (English) in D. R. McCullough, K. Kaji and M. Yamanaka (editors), Wildlife in Shiretoka and Yellowstone national parks; lessons in wildlife conservation from two world heritage sites. Shiretoka Nature Foundation, Sapporo, Japan.

Gresswell, R. E., and S. R. Hendricks. 2007. Population-scale movement of coastal cutthroat trout in a naturally isolated stream network. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 136:238-253. [ Full Text ]

Gresswell, R. E., and K. Homel. 2007. Distribution, abundance, and movement of native cutthroat trout in the Snake River below Jackson Lake, Progress Report: Project Phase I, Jackson Hole One Fly Foundation and National Fish and Wildlife Foundation Conservation Partnership.

Halbert, N. D., P. J. P. Gogan, R. Hiebert, and J. N. Derr. 2007. Where the buffalo roam: The role of history and genetics in the conservation of bison on U.S. federal lands. Park Science 24: 23 – 29.

Harris, R. B., G. C. White, C. C. Schwartz, and M. A. Haroldson. 2007. Population growth of Yellowstone grizzlies: uncertainty and future monitoring. Ursus 18(2):168-178.

Henning, J. A., R. E. Gresswell, and I. A. Fleming. 2007. Use of seasonal freshwater wetlands by fishes in a temperate river floodplain. Journal of Fish Biology 71:476-492. [ Abstract ]

Hines, AM, VO Ezenwa, PC Cross, & JR Rogerson. 2007. Effects of supplemental feeding on gastrointestinal parasite infection in Rocky Mountain Elk (Cervus elaphus). Veterinary Parasitology 148(3-4):350-355.

Hossack BR, Corn PS. 2007. Responses of pond-breeding amphibians to wildfire: short-term patterns in occupancy and colonization. Ecological Applications 17(5): 1403-1410

Keating, K. A., P. J. P. Gogan, J. M. Vore, and L. R. Irby. 2007. A simple solar radiation index for wildlife habitat studies. Journal of Wildlife Management 71: 1344 – 1348.

List R., G. Ceballos, C. Curtin, P. J. P. Gogan, J. Pacheco, and J. Truett. 2007. Bison in the Borderlands: The implications of cultural, ecological, and linguistic barriers for conserving grazers and grasslands. Conservation Biology. In press.

Malanson, G. P., D. R. Butler, and D. Fagre. 2007. Alpine Ecosystem Dynamics and Change: A View from the Heights. Pages 85-101 In T. Prato and D. Fagre, editors. Sustaining Rocky Mountain Landscapes: Science, Policy and Management of the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem. RFF Press, Washington, D.C., USA. 321pp.

Mellmann-Brown, S., B. H. Pugesek and D. W. Roberts. 2007. Riparian plant community structure in a managed hydrological regime. Investigator's annual report to Grand Teton National Park, WY. 28p.

Millar, C. and D. Fagre. 2007. Monitoring alpine plants for climate change: The North American GLORIA Project. Mountain Views - CIRMOUNT Newsletter. 1(1):12-14.

Murphy, M. A., K. C. Kendall, A. Robinson, and L. P. Waits. 2007. The impact of time and field conditions on brown bear (Ursus arctos) faecal DNA amplification. Conservation Genetics. 8(5):1219-1224. [abstract]

Nelson, N.C., Schmidt, J.C., 2007. Hydrology and Geomorphology of the Snake River in Grand Teton National Park. National Park Service Cooperative Agreement #H1200040001 Final Report.

Olexa, E. M. and Peter J. P. Gogan. 2007. Spatial Population Structure of Yellowstone Bison. Journal of Wildlife Management 71: 1531 – 1538.

Podruzny, K. M., P. J. P. Gogan, D. Pointsett, and E. M. Olexa. 2007. Post-partum Growth of Plains Bison. Journal of Mammalogy. In preparation.

Pederson, G. T., C. Whitlock, Watson. E., B. H. Luckman, and L. J. Graumlich. 2007. Paleo-Perspectives on Climate and Ecosystem Change. Pages 151-170 In T. Prato and D. Fagre, editors. Sustaining Rocky Mountain Landscapes: Science, Policy and Management of the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem. RFF Press, Washington, D.C., USA. 321 pp.

Prato, T. and D. Fagre (Editors) 2007. Sustaining Rocky Mountain Landscapes: Science, Policy and Management of the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem, RFF Press, Washington D.C.

Prato, T. and D. Fagre (Editors). 2007. Sustaining Rocky Mountain Landscapes: Science, Policy and Management of the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem. RFF Press, Washington, D.C., USA. 321 pp.

Prato, T. and D. Fagre. 2007. Preface. Pages xiii-xvi In T. Prato and D. Fagre, editors. Sustaining Rocky Mountain Landscapes: Science, Policy and Management of the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem. RFF Press, Washington, D.C., USA. 321 pp.

Prato, T. and D. Fagre. 2007. The Crown of the Continent: Striving for Ecosystem Sustainability. Pages 3-16 In T. Prato and D. Fagre, editors. Sustaining Rocky Mountain Landscapes: Science, Policy and Management of the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem. RFF Press, Washington, D.C., USA. 321 pp.

Prato, T. and D. Fagre. 2007. Achieving Ecosystem Sustainability. Pages 302-311 In T. Prato and D. Fagre, editors. Sustaining Rocky Mountain Landscapes: Science, Policy and Management of the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem. RFF Press, Washington, D.C., USA. 321 pp.

Roper, B.B., B. Jarvis, and J.L. Kershner. 2007. The role of natural vegetative disturbance in determining stream reach characteristics in central Idaho and western Montana. Northwest Science 81(3):224-238.

Roush, W., J.S. Munroe and D.B. Fagre. 2007. Development of a spatial analysis method using ground based repeat photography to detect changes in the alpine treeline ecotone, Glacier National Park, Montana, U.S.A.. Arctic, Alpine, and Antarctic Research. 39(2): 297-308.

Sanderson, E. W., K. H. Redford, B. Weber, K. Aune, D. Baldes, J. Berger, D. Carter, C. Curtin, J. Derr, S. Dobrott, E. Fearn, C. Fleener ,S. Forrest, C. Gerlach, C. C. Gates, P. Gogan ,J. Gross, S. Grassel, J. A.Hilty, M. Jensen, K. Kunkel, D. Lammers, R. List, K. Minkowski, T. Olson, C. Pague, P. B. Robertson, B. Stephenson, and J. Truett. 2007. The Ecological Future of the North American Bison: conceiving long-term, large-scale conservation of a species. Conservation Biology. In press.

Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA, West K, editors. 2007. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2006. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey.

Seburn CNL, Bishop CA (eds), Corn PS (series ed). 2007. Ecology, conservation, and status of reptiles in Canada. Salt Lake City: Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. Herpetological Conservation 2. 246 p.

Sojda, R. S. 2007. Empirical evaluation of decision support systems: needs, definitions, potential methods, and an example pertaining to waterfowl management. Environmental Modelling and Software 22(2):269-277.

Stephenson, N., D. Peterson, D. Fagre, C. Allen, D. McKenzie, and J. Baron. 2007. Response of western mountain ecosystems to climatic variability and change: the Western Mountain Initiative, Mountain Views - CIRMOUNT Newsletter 1(1):4-9.

Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA, West K, editors. 2007. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2006. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey.

Tuttle, M.L.W., J. Fahy, R.I. Grauch, B.A. Ball, G.W. Chong, J.G. Elliott, J.J. Kosovich, K.E. Livo, and L.L. Stillings. 2007, Results of chemical analyses of soil, shale, and soil/shale extract from the Mancos Shale Formation in the Gunnison Gorge National Conservation Area, southwestern Colorado, and at Hanksville, Utah: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1002D, 24 p.

Whitacre, H.W., B.B. Roper, and J.L. Kershner. 2007. A comparison of protocols and observer precision for measuring physical attributes of streams in Oregon and Idaho. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 43(4):1-15.

2006

Bateman, D. S., and R. E. Gresswell. Survival and growth of age-0 steelhead trout following surgical implantation of 23-mm half-duplex passive integrated transponders. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 26:545-550. [ Full Text ]

Chong, G.W., Y. Otsuki, T.J. Stohlgren, D. Guenther, P. Evangelista, C. Villa, and M.A. Waters. 2006. Evaluating Plant Invasions from Both Habitat and Species Perspectives. Western North American Naturalist 66:92-105.

CIRMOUNT Committee. 2006. Mapping New Terrain. Report of the Consortium for Integrated Mountain Climate Research in Western Mountains (CIRMOUNT). In: Misc. Pub, PSW- MISC-77. Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, US Department of Agriculture. Albany, CA, USA. 29 p.

Cross, PC & WM Getz. 2006. Combining data and models of bovine Tb in African buffalo to assess research directions and management options. Ecological Modelling.

Custer, S. G., and R. S. Sojda. 2006. Hydrologic landscape units and adaptive management of intermountain wetlands. Adaptive Management of Water Resources: American Water Resources Association Summer Specialty Conference.

Fagre, D. B. 2006. Climatic variability drives changes in the Northern Rocky Mountains of the USA. Pages 243-244 In: M. F. Price (Ed.), Global Change in Mountain Regions. Sapiens Publishing, London, UK. 343 p.

Getz, WM, JO Lloyd-Smith, PC Cross, S Bar-David, PLF Johnson, TC Porco, & MS Sánchez. 2006. Modeling the invasion and spread of contagious disease in heterogeneous populations. In Feng, Z., Dieckmann, U., Levin, S.A. (eds.) Disease Evolution: Models, Concepts, and Data Analysis, AMS/DIMACS Vol. 71:113-144

Gresswell, R. E., C. E. Torgersen, D. S. Bateman, T. J. Guy, S. R. Hendricks, and J. E. B. Wofford. 2006. A spatially explicit approach for evaluating relationships among coastal cutthroat trout, habitat, and disturbance in headwater streams. Pages 457-471 In R. Hughes, L. Wang, and P. Seelbach, editors. Influences of landscapes on stream habitats and biological assemblages. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland. [ Full Text ]

Gresswell, R. E. 2006. Effects of fire on salmonid persistence. Pages 137-138 in N. G. Sugihara, J. W. van Wagtendonk, K. E. Shaffer, J. Fites-Kaufman, and A. E. Thode, editors. Fire in California Ecosystems, University of California Press, Berkeley.

Henning, J. A., R. E. Gresswell, I. A. Fleming. 2006. The role of emergent wetlands as potential rearing habitats for juvenile salmonids. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 26:367-376. [ Full Text ]

Hossack BR, Diamond SA, Corn PS. 2006. Distribution of the boreal toad populations in relation to estimated UV-B dose in Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. Canadian Journal of Zoology 84:98–107.

Hunter, M.E., P.N. Omi, E.J. Martinson, and G.W. Chong. 2006. Establishment of non-native plant species after wildfires: effects of fuel treatments, abiotic and biotic factors, and post-fire grass seeding treatments. International Journal of Wildland Fire 15:271-281.

Hossack BR, Diamond SA, Corn PS. 2006. Distribution of the boreal toad populations in relation to estimated UV-B dose in Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. Canadian Journal of Zoology 84:98–107.

Hossack BR, Corn PS, Fagre DB. 2006. Divergent patterns of abundance and age-class structure of headwater stream tadpoles in burned and unburned watersheds. Canadian Journal of Zoology 84:1482–1488.

Karraker NE, Pilliod DS, Adams MJ, Bull EL, Corn PS, Diller LV, Dupuis LA, Hayes MP, Hossack BR, Hodgson GR, Hyde EJ, Lohman K, Norman BR, Ollivier LM, Pearl CA, Peterson CR. 2006. Taxonomic and geographic variation in oviposition by tailed frogs (Ascaphus spp.). Northwestern Naturalist 87:87–97.

Keane, R.E. and C. Key. 2006. CCE Fire regimes and their management. In: Fagre, D. and Prato, A. (Eds). Sustaining Rocky Mountain Landscaped. Resources for the Future Press, Washington DC. 201-212.

Keigley, R.B., and C.W. Fager. 2006. Habitat-based adaptive management at Mount Haggin Wildlife Management Area. Alces. 42: 49-54

Keigley, R.B., and M.R. Frisina. in press. Browse evaluation of tall shrubs based on direct measurement of a management objective. Proceedings 2006 Shrub Symposium, Cedar City, UT.

Key, C.H. 2006. Ecological and sampling constraints on defining landscape fire severity. Fire Ecology: 2(2): 178-203.

Malanson, G., K. Scott, Z. Shen, D. Fagre, and K. Holzer. 2006. Ordination context of GLORIA sites in Glacier National Park, USA. Pages 154-155 In: M. F. Price (Ed.), Global Change in Mountain Regions, Sapiens Publishing, London, UK. 343 p.

Michel, AL, RG Bengis, DF Keet, M Hofmeyer, LM de Klerk, PC Cross, AE Jolles, D Cooper, IJ Whyte, & P Buss. 2006. Wildlife tuberculosis in South African game reserves: implications and challenges. Veterinary Microbiology 112:91-100.

Muhlfeld, Clint C., Mark L. Taper, David F. Staples, and Bradley B. Shepard. 2006. Observer error structure in bull trout redd counts in Montana streams: implications for inference on true redd numbers. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 135:643-654.

Muths E, Scherer RD, Corn PS, Lambert BR. 2006. Estimation of the probability of male toads to return to the breeding site. Ecology 87:1048–1056.

Pederson, G. T., S. T. Gray, D. B. Fagre, and L. J. Graumlich .2006. Long-duration drought variability and impacts on ecosystem services: A case study from Glacier National Park, Montana. Earth Interactions, 10(4)

Pederson, G. T., B. A. Reardon, C. J. Caruso, and D. B. Fagre. 2006. High resolution tree-ring based spatial reconstructions of snow avalanche activity in Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. Pages 436-443 in Proceedings of 2006 International Snow Science Workshop, October 1-6, 2006, Telluride, CO.

Prato, T. and D. Fagre. 2006. Coping with climate change. ActionBioscience http://www.actionbioscience.org/environment/prato_fagre.html#Primer. October (2006).

Reardon, B. and D. B. Fagre. 2006. Reassessing a troublesome fact of mountain life: avalanches in Glacier National Park. Park Science 24(1):37-39.

Reardon, B. A., D. B. Fagre, M. Dundas, and C. Lundy. 2006. Natural glide slab avalanches, Glacier National Park, USA: a unique hazard and forecasting challenge. Pages 778-785 in Proceedings of 2006 International Snow Science Workshop, October 1-6, 2006, Telluride, CO.

Robbins CT, Schwartz CC, Gunther KA, Servheen C. 2006. Grizzly bear nutrition and ecology studies in Yellowstone National Park. Yellowstone Science 14:19-26.

Robison HL, Schwartz CC, Petty JD, Brussard PF. 2006. Assessment of pesticide residues in army cutworm moths (Euxoa auxiliaris) from the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem and their potential consequences to foraging grizzly bears (Ursus arctos horribilis). Chemosphere 64:1704-1712.

Sanchez-Marre, M., Gilbert, K., Sojda, R.S., Steyer, J.P., Struss, P., Rodr’guez-Roda, I. 2006. Uncertainty management, spatial and temporal reasoning, and validation of intelligent environmental decision support systems. in: Voinov, A., Jakeman, A., Rizzoli, A., eds., Proceedings of the iEMSs Third Biennial Meeting: "Summit on Environmental Modelling and Software". International Environmental Modelling and Software Society, Burlington, Vermont, USA.

Schwartz CC, Gunther K. 2006. Grizzly bear management in Yellowstone National Park: the heart of recovery in the Yellowstone ecosystem. Pages 232-238 in McCullough DR, Kaji K, Yamanaka M, editors. Wildlife in Shiretoko and Yellowstone National Parks: lessons in wildlife conservation from two World Heritage sites. Shiretoko Nature foundation, Hokkaido, Japan.

Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA, Gunther KA, Moody D. 2006. Distribution of grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem in 2004. Ursus 17(1):63-66.

Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA, West K, editors. 2006. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2005. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey.

Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA, White GC, Harris RB, Cherry S, Keating KA, Moody D, Servheen C. 2006. Temporal, spatial, and environmental influences on the demographics of grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, Wildlife Monographs 161.

Stephenson, N., D. Peterson, D. Fagre, C. Allen, D. McKenzie and J. Baron. 2006. Response of western mountain ecosystems to climatic variability and change: The Western Mountain Initiative. Park Science 24(1):24-29.

2005

Adams MJ, Hossack, BR, Knapp RA, Corn PS, Diamond SA, Trenham PC, Fagre D. 2005. Distribution patterns of lentic-breeding amphibians in relation to ultraviolet radiation exposure in western North America. Ecosystems 8:488–500.

Brooks PD, O'Reilly CM, Diamond SA, Campbell DH, Knapp RA, Bradford, DM, Corn PS, Hossack BR, Tonnessen KA. 2005. Spatial and temporal variability in the amount and source of dissolved organic carbon: implications for UV exposure in amphibian habitats. Ecosystems 8:478–487.

Burkett, V.R., D.A. Wilcox, R. Stottlemyer, W. Barrow, D. B. Fagre, J. Baron, J. Price, J.L. Nielsen, C. D. Allen, D.L. Peterson, G. Ruggerone and T. Doyle. 2005. Nonlinear dynamics in ecosystem response to climatic change: Case studies and policy implications. Ecological Complexity 2: 357-394.

Carey C, Corn PS, Jones MS, Livo LJ, Muths E, Loeffler CW. 2005. Factors limiting the recovery of boreal toads (Bufo b. boreas). In: Lannoo M, editor. Amphibian declines: the conservation status of United States species. Berkeley: University of California Press. p 222–236.

Christianson, D. A., P. J. P Gogan, K. M. Podruzny and E. M. Olexa. 2005. Incisor wear and age in Yellowstone bison. Wildlife Society Bulletin 33:669-676.

Corn PS. 2005. Climate change and amphibians. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation 28:59–67.

Corn PS, Adams MJ, Battaglin WA, Gallant AL, James DL, Knutson M, Langtimm CA, Sauer JR. 2005. Amphibian Research and Monitoring Initiative: concepts and implementation. Reston, VA: U.S. Geological Survey. Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5015. 23 p.

Corn PS, Hossack BR, Muths E, Patla DA, Peterson CR, Gallant AL. 2005. Status of amphibians on the Continental Divide: surveys on a transect from Montana to Colorado, USA. Alytes 22:85–94.

Corn PS, Muths E, Adams MJ, Dodd CK Jr. 2005. The U. S. Geological Survey’s Amphibian Research and Monitoring Initiative. Alytes 22:65–71.

Cross, PC, JO Lloyd-Smith, PLF Johnson, & WM Getz. 2005. Duelling timescales of host mixing and disease spread determine invasion of disease in structured populations. Ecology Letters. 8:587-595.

Cross, PC, JO Lloyd-Smith, & WM Getz. 2005. Disentangling individual associations in fission and fusion societies. Animal Behaviour 69(2):499-506.

Diamond, S.A., Trenham, P.C., Adams, M.J., Hossack, B.R., Knapp, R.A., Stark, S.L., Bradford, D., Corn, P.S., Czarnowski, K., Brooks, P.D., Fagre, D., Breen, B., Detenbeck, N.E., and Tonnessen, K. 2005. Estimated ultraviolet radiation doses in wetlands in six national parks. Ecosystems 8(5): 462-477.

Funk WC, Blouin MS, Corn PS, Maxell BA, Pilliod DS, Amish S, Allendorf FW. 2005. Population structure of Columbia spotted frogs (Rana luteiventris) is strongly affected by the landscape. Molecular Ecology 14:483–496.

Fagre, D.B. and D.L. Peterson. 2005. Global-scale environmental changes in mountain protected areas: the CLIMET project. Pages 36-38 In L. Taylor and A. Ryall, (eds.), Proceedings of the Interdisciplinary Research and Management in Mountain Areas (IRMMA) Conference, Sept. 23-27, 2004, Banff, Canada.

Fagre, D.B., S.W. Running, R.E. Keane, and D.L. Peterson. 2005. Assessing climate change effects on mountain ecosystems using integrated models: A case study. Pages 455-466 In Huber, U.M, H.K. Bugmann and M.A. Reasoner, (eds)., Global Change and Mountain Regions: A State of Knowledge Overview. Kluwer Academic Press, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

Fagre, D. 2005. Climatic Variability, Ecosystem Dynamics, and Disturbance in Mountain Protected Environments. Our Changing Planet: The U.S. Climate Change Science Program for Fiscal Year 2006, Report by the Climate Change Science Program and Subcommittee on Global Change Research, Supplement to the President's Budget for Fiscal Year 2006. p. 103-115.

Funk WC, Greene AE, Corn PS, Allendorf FW. 2005. High dispersal in a frog species suggests that it is vulnerable to habitat fragmentation. Biology Letters 1:13–16.

Ganio, L. M., C. E. Torgersen, and R. E. Gresswell. Describing spatial pattern in stream networks: A practical approach. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 3(3): 138-144. [ Full Text ]

Geddes, C., Brown, D.G., and Fagre, D.B. 2005. Topography and vegetation as predictors of snow water equivalent (SWE) across the alpine treeline ecotone at Lee Ridge, Glacier National Park, Montana. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 37(2):197-205.

Gogan, P. J. P., K. M. Podruzny, E. M. Olexa, H. Ihsle Pac and K. L. Frey. 2005. Yellowstone bison fetal development and phenology of parturition. Journal of Wildlife Management 69:1716 – 1730.

Gresswell, R. E. 2005. Forestry practices and aquatic biodiversity: fish. Pages 18-23 in Sarr, D., D. Odion, D. Hibbs, J. Weikel, R. Gresswell, R. Bury, N. Czarnomski, R. Pabst, J. Shatford, and A. Moldenke. Riparian Zone Forest Management and the Protection of Biodiversity: A Problem Analysis. Technical Bulletin No. 908. National Center for Air and Stream Improvement (NCASI), Inc. Research Triangle Park, N.C. 107 pp. plus appendices.

Haroldson MA, Gunther KA, Reinhart DP, Podruzny SR, Cegelski C, Waits L, Wyman T, Smith J. 2005. Changing numbers of spawning cutthroat trout in tributary streams of Yellowstone Lake and estimates of grizzly bears visiting streams from DNA. Ursus 16(2):167-180.

Herrero S, Smith T, DeBruyn D, Gunther K, Matt CA. 2005. Brown bear habituation to people -- safety, risks, and benefits. Wildlife Society Bulletin 33(1):362-373.

Hossack BR, Pilliod DS, Corn PS. 2005. Lack of significant changes in the herpetofauna of Theodore Roosevelt National Park, North Dakota, since the 1920s. American Midland Naturalist 154:423–432.

Mattson DJ, Podruzny SR, Haroldson MA. 2005. Consumption of pondweed rhizomes by Yellowstone grizzly bears. Ursus 16(1):41-46.

Key,C.H. 2005. Remote sensing sensitivity to fire severity and fire recovery. Pages 29-39 in Proceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Remote Sensing and GIS Applications to Forest Fire Management: Fire Effects Assessment: Universidad de Zaragoza. ISBN: 84-96214-52-4

Lloyd-Smith, JO, PC Cross, CJ Briggs, M Daugherty, WM Getz, J Latto, M Sanchez, A Smith, A Swei. 2005. Population thresholds for disease invasion and persistence in natural populations. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 20(9):511-519.

Muhlfeld, Clint C., Brian Marotz, and Simon Thorrold. 2005. Geochemical signatures in scales record stream of origin in westslope cutthroat trout. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 134:945-959.

Muhlfeld, Clint C., and Brian Marotz. 2005. Seasonal movement and habitat use by sub-adult bull trout in the upper Flathead River system, Montana. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 25:797-810.

Odum RA, Corn PS. 2005. Bufo baxteri Porter, 1968. Wyoming toad. In: Lannoo M, editor. Amphibian declines: the conservation status of United States species. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 390–392.

Olenicki, T. J., and L. R. Irby. 2005. Determining forage availability and use patterns for bison in the Hayden Valley of Yellowstone National Park. Final report to the USGS Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center, Bozeman, Montana.

Prato, A and DB Fagre. 2005. National Parks and Protected Areas: Approaches for Balancing Social, Economic, and Ecological Values. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, U.K. 416 pp. (Book)

Romero, N., R. E. Gresswell, and J. Li. Changing patterns in coastal cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki clarki) diet and prey in a gradient of deciduous canopies. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 62: 1797-1807. [ Full Text ]

Roon, D. A., L. P. Waits, and K. C. Kendall. 2005. A simulation test of the effectiveness of several methods for error-checking non-invasive genetic data. Animal Conservation. 8:203-215. [abstract]

Roon, D. A., M. E. Thomas, K. C. Kendall, and L. P. Waits. 2005. Evaluating mixed samples as a source of error in non-invasive genetic studies using microsatellites. Molecular Ecology 14(1):195-201. [abstract]

Scherer RD, Muths E, Noon BR, Corn PS. 2005. An evaluation of weather and disease as causes of decline in two populations of boreal toads. Ecological Applications 15:2150–2160.

Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA, West K, editors. 2005. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2004. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey.

Seabury, CM, ND Halbert, PJP Gogan, JW Templeton and JN Derr. 2005. Bison PRNP genotyping and potential association with Brucella spp. seroprevalence. Animal Genetics 36: 104–110.

Sojda, R. S. 2005. Empirical evaluation of decision support systems: needs, definitions, potential methods, and an example pertaining to waterfowl management. Environmental Modelling and Software.

Watson, E., G.T. Pederson, B.H. Luckman, and D.B. Fagre. 2005 (in press). Glacier mass balance in the northern U.S. and Canadian Rockies: paleo-perspectives and 20th century change. In: Ben Orlove, Ellen Wiegandt and Brian Luckman (Eds.), Darkening Peaks: Glacial Retreat in Scientific and Social Context, University of California Press, Berkeley, CA. USA

Wofford, J. E. B., R. E. Gresswell, and M. A. Banks. Factors influencing within-watershed genetic variation of coastal cutthroat trout. Ecological Applications 15: 628-637. [ Full Text ]

2004

Beschta, R. L., J. J. Rhodes, J. B. Kauffman, R. E. Gresswell, G. W. Minshall, C. A. Frissell, D. A. Perry, R Hauer, and J. R. Karr. Postfire management on forested public lands of the western USA Conservation Biology 18: 957-967. [ Full Text ]

Corn PS, Muths E. 2004. Variable breeding phenology affects the exposure of amphibian embryos to ultraviolet radiation: reply. Ecology 85:1759–1763.

Cross, PC, JO Lloyd-Smith, J Bowers, CT Hay, M Hofmeyr, & WM Getz. 2004. Integrating association data and disease dynamics: an illustration using African Buffalo in Kruger National Park. Annales Zoologici Fennici 41:879-892.

Fagre, D. B. 2004. USA: Glacier National Park, Biosphere Reserve and GLORIA site. Pages 99-108 In Proceedings of International Workshop on Global Change Research in Mountain Biosphere Reserves, Nov. 10-13, 2003, Entlebuch Biosphere Reserve, Switzerland. UNESCO. Paris. 206 p.

Fagre, D.B. 2004. Integrated modeling for mountain biosphere reserves. Pages 11-12 In Workshop Report, Global Change Research in Mountain Biosphere Reserves, Nov 10-13, 2003, Entlebuch Biosphere Reserve, Switzerland. Mountain Research Initiative, Bern, Switzerland. 20 p.

Fagre, D. B., Running Steven W., R. E. Keane, and D. L. Peterson. 2004. Assessing climate change effects on mountain ecosystems using integrated models: a case study. In U. M. Huber, H. K. Bugmann, and M. A. Reasoner, editors. Global Change and Mountain Regions: A State of Knowledge Overview. Kluwer Academic Press, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, USA.

Felicetti, L. A., C. C. Schwartz, R. O. Rye, M. A. Haroldson, K. A. Gunther, L. Waits, and C. T. Robbins. 2004. Use of naturally-occurring mercury to determine the importance of cutthroat trout to Yellowstone grizzly bears. Canadian Journal of Zoology 82:493-501.

Gogan, P. J. P., W. T. Route, E. M. Olexa, N. Thomas, D. Kuehn, and K. M Podruzny. 2004. Gray wolves in and adjacent to Voyageurs National Park, Minnesota: research and synthesis 1987-1991. Natural Resources Technical Report NPS/MWR/NRTR/2004-01. National Park Service, Omaha, Nebraska.

Grange, S ., P.Duncan, J.-M. Gaillard, A. R. E. Sinclair, P. J. P. Gogan, C. Packer, H. Hofer, M. East. 2004. What limits the Serengeti zebra population? Oecologia 140:523-532.

Gray, S.T., L.J. Graumlich, J.L. Betancourt, and G.T. Pederson. 2004. A tree-ring based reconstruction of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation since 1567 A.D. Geophysical Research Letters, 31:L12205, doi:10.1029/2004GL019932.Gunther KA, Cain SL, Copeland J, Frey K, Haroldson MA, Schwartz CC. 2004. Grizzly bear-human conflicts in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, 1992-2000. Ursus 15:10-22.

Gresswell, R. E., D. S. Bateman, G. W. Lienkaemper, and T. J. Guy. Geospatial techniques for developing a sampling frame of watersheds across a region. Pages 517-530 in T. Nishida, P. J. Kailola, and C. E. Hollingworth, editors. GIS/Spatial Analyses in Fishery and Aquatic Sciences (Vol. 2). Fishery-Aquatic GIS Research Group, Saitama, Japan. [ Full Text ]

Haroldson, M.A., C.C. Schwartz, S. Cherry, and D.S. Moody. 2004. Possible effects of elk harvest on fall distribution of grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Journal of Wildlife Management 68(1):129-137.

Hilderbrand GV, Farley SD, Schwartz CC, Robbins CT. 2004. Importance of salmon to wildlife: implications for integrated management. Ursus 15:1-9.

Johnson CJ, Boyce MS, Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA. 2004. Modeling survival: application of the Andersen-Gill model to Yellowstone grizzly bears. Journal of Wildlife Management 68(4):966-978.

Keating, K. A., and S. Cherry. 2004. Use and interpretation of logistic regression in habitat-selection studies. Journal of Wildlife Management 68(4):774-789.

Macandza, V, N Owen-Smith, PC Cross. 2004. Forage selection by African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) through the dry season in two landscapes of the Kruger National Park. South African Journal of Wildlife Research. 34(2):113-121.

Malanson, G. P., Butler, D. R., and S. J. Walsh. 2004. Ecological response to global climatic change. Pages 469-473 In WorldMinds: Geographical Perspectives on 100 Problems, Commemorating the 100th Anniversary of the Association of American Geographers 1904 - 2004. Kluwer Academic Publishers, the Netherlands. Pederson, G. T. 2004. Long-term perspectives on Northern Rockies climatic variability from tree rings in Glacier National Park, Montana, M. S. Thesis. Montana State University, Bozeman, MT.

May, C. L. and R. E. Gresswell. Spatial and temporal patterns of debris flow deposition in the Oregon Coast Range, USA. Geomorphology 57: 135-149. [ Full Text ]

Pederson, G. T., D. B. Fagre, S. T. Gray, and L. J. Graumlich. 2004. Decadal-scale climate drivers for glacial dynamics in Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. Geophysical Research Letters. 31:L12203, doi:10.1029/2004GL0197770.

Pyare, S., S. Cain, D. Moody, C. Schwartz, and J. Berger. 2004. Carnivore re-colonisation: reality, possibility and a non-equilibrium century for grizzly bears in the Southern Yellowstone Ecosystem. Animal Conservation 7:1-7.

Reardon, B. A., D. B. Fagre, and R. W. Steiner. 2004. Natural avalanches and transportation: a case study from Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. Pages 582-597 in Proceedings of The International Snow Science Workshop, Sept. 19-24, 2004, Jackson, WY.

Reardon, B. A. and C. Lundy. 2004. Forecasting for natural avalanches during spring opening of Going-to-the-Sun Road, Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. Pages 565-581 in Proceedings of The International Snow Science Workshop, Sept. 19-24, 2004, Jackson, WY.

Robbins CT, Schwartz CC, Lelicetti, LA. 2004. Nutritional ecology of ursids:  a review of newer methods and management implications. Ursus 15:161-171.

Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA. 2004. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2003. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey.

Torgersen, C. E., R. E. Gresswell, and D. S. Bateman. Pattern detection in stream networks: Quantifying spatial variability in fish distribution. Pages 405-420 in T. Nishida, P. J. Kailola, and C. E. Hollingworth, editors. GIS/Spatial Analyses in Fishery and Aquatic Sciences (Vol.2). Fishery-Aquatic GIS Research Group, Saitama, Japan. [ Full Text ]

2003

Alftine, K. J., G. P. Malanson, and D. B. Fagre. 2003. Feedback-driven response to multidecadal climatic variability at an alpine forest-tundra ecotone. Physical Geography 24(6): 520 – 535.

Baker, W. L., Baron Jill S., D. M. Debinski, S. A. Elias, D. B. Fagre, J. S. Findley, L. O. Mearns, D. W. Roberts, T. R. Seastedt, T. J. Stohlgren, T. T. Veblen, and F. H. Wagner. 2003. Natural Ecosystems I: The Rocky Mountains. Pages 145-184 In F. H. Wagner, editor. Rocky Mountain/Great Basin Regional Climate Change Assessment. Report for the U. S. Global Change Research Program. Utah State University, Logan, UT, USA

Caron, A, PC Cross, & JT du Toit. 2003. Ecological implications of bovine tuberculosis in African Buffalo herds. Ecological Applications 13(5):1338-1345.

Clampitt L. 2003. Memorandum of Understanding between the U.S. Geological Survey and the State of Montana for Coordination and Cooperation pertaining to The National Map. March 6th, 2003; Helena, MT.

Clampitt L. Technical Assistance Agreement between the U.S. Geological Survey and GCS Research LLC to assist each entity with common methods, technology, development and implementation relative to The National Map. February, 13th, 2003; Missoula, MT.

Corn PS. 2003. Amphibian breeding and climate change: the importance of snow in the mountains. onservation Biology 17:622–625.

Corn PS. 2003. Endangered toads in the Rockies. In: Taylor L, Martin K, Hik D, Ryall A, editors. Ecological and earth sciences in mountain areas. Banff, AB: The Banff Centre. p 43–51.

Corn PS, Bury RB, Hyde EJ. 2003. Conservation of stream amphibians in North America. In: Semlitsch R, editor. Amphibian conservation. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press. p 24-36.

Fagre, D. B., D. L. Peterson, and A. E. Hessl. 2003. Taking the pulse of mountains: Ecosystem responses to climatic variability. Climatic Change. 59(1):263-282.

Fagre, D. B., D. L. Peterson, and A. E. Hessl. 2003b. Taking the pulse of mountains: ecosystem responses to climatic variability. Pages 263-282 In H. F. Diaz, (ed.) Climate Variability and Change in High Elevation Regions: Past, Present & Future, Climatic Change Special Issue. Kluwer Academic Publishers , Dordrecht, the Netherlands.

Fagre, D. B. 2003. Global environmental effects on the mountain ecosystem at Glacier National Park. Pages 24-25 In J. Selleck, (ed.) National Park Service Natural Resource Year in Review - 2002. Publication D-2283, U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Washington, D.C. June, 2003.

Felicetti, L.A., C.C. Schwartz, R.O. Rye, M.A. Haroldson, K.A. Gunther, D.L. Phillips, and C.T. Robbins. 2003. Use of sulfur and nitrogen stable isotopes to determine the importance of whitebark pine nuts to Yellowstone grizzly bears. Canadian Journal of Zoology 81:763-770.

Hall, M. P. and D. B. Fagre. 2003. Modeled climate-induced glacier change in Glacier National Park, 1850-2100. Bioscience. 53(2):131-140.

Hundertmark KJ, Bowyer TR, Shields GF, Schwartz CC. 2003. Mitochondrial phylogeography of moose (Alces alces) in North America. J Mammal 84:315-25.

Hitt, Nathaniel, Clint C. Muhlfeld, Chris Frissell, and Fred Allendorf. 2003. Hybridization between native westslope cutthroat trout and non-native rainbow trout. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 60:1440-1451.

Johnson SY, Stephenson WJ, Morgan LA, Shanks WC, III, Pierce KL. 2003. Hydrothermal and tectonic activity in northern Yellowstone Lake, Wyoming: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v.115, p. 954-971.

Keigley RB, Frisina MR, Fager C. 2003. A method for determining the onset year of intense browsing. Journal of Range Management. 56(1):33-38.

Klasner, F. L. and D. B. Fagre. 2002. A half century of change in alpine treeline patterns at Glacier National Park, Montana, U.S.A. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research. 34(1):49-56.

Kokaly RF, Despain DG, Clark RN, Livo KE. 2003. Mapping vegetation in Yellowstone National Park using spectral feature analysis of AVIRIS data. Remote Sensing of Environment 84(3):437-56.

Kotliar NB, Haire SL, and Key CH. 2003. Lessons from the fires of 2000: Post-fire heterogeneity in ponderosa pine forests. In Omi PN, Joyce LA, eds. Fire, fuel treatments, and ecological restoration: Conference proceedings; 2002 16-18 April; Fort Collins CO. USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station RMRS-P-29. p. 277-280.

Love JD, Reed JC, Jr, Pierce KL. 2003. Creation of the Teton Landscape, a Geological Chronicle of Jackson Hole and the Teton Range, Grand Teton Natural History Association, Moose, WY, 83012, 132p.

May, C. L. and R. E. Gresswell. Large wood recruitment and redistribution in headwater streams in the southern Oregon coast range, U.S.A Canadian Journal of Forest Research 33:1352-1362. [ Full Text ]

Morgan LA, Shanks WC, Lovalvo DA, Johnson SY, Stephenson WJ, Pierce KL, Harlan SS, Finn CA, Lee G, Webring M, Schultz B, Duhn J, Sweeney R, Balistrieri L. 2003. Exploration and discovery in Yellowstone Lake: results from high resolution sonar imaging, seismic reflection profiling, and submersible studies: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 122, p. 221-242.

Muhlfeld, Clint C., Steve Glutting, Rick Hunt, Durae Daniels, and Brian Marotz. 2003. Winter diel habitat use and movement by subadult bull trout in the upper Flathead River, Montana. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 23:163-171.

Murphy, M. A., L. P. Waits, and K. C. Kendall. 2003. The influence of diet on faecal DNA amplification and sex identification in brown bears (Ursus arctos). Molecular Ecology. 12(8):2261-2265. [abstract]

Muths E, Campbell DH, Corn PS. 2003. Hatching success in two species of amphibians in northern Colorado in relation to water chemistry and climate. Amphibia-Reptilia 24:27–36.

Muths E, Corn PS, Pessier AP, Green DE. 2003. Evidence for disease-related amphibian decline in Colorado, U.S.A. Biol Conserv 110:357-365.

Pierce KL, Despain DG, Whitlock C, Cannon, KP, Meyer G, Morgan L, and Licciardi, JM. 2003. Quaternary geology and ecology of the Greater Yellowstone area, in Easterbrook DJ, editor, Quaternary Geology of the United States, INQUA 2003 Field Guide Volume, Desert Research Institute, Reno, Nevada, p. 313-344.

Pilliod DS, Bury RB, Hyde EJ, Pearl CA, Corn PS. 2003. Fire and amphibians in North America. Forest Ecology and Management 178:163–181

Pugesek BH, Baldwin MJ. 2003. Supplemental report No. 1: Analysis of additional blue crab data collected at Aransas National Wildlife Refuge. Submitted to Aransas National Wildlife Refuge.

Pugesek BH, von Eye A, Tomer A. 2003. Structural Equation Modeling: Applications in Ecologicaland Evolutionary Biology Research. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 409 pp.

Pugesek BH. 2003. Concepts of structural equation modeling in biological research. In: Structural Equation Modeling: Applications in Ecological and Evolutionary Biology Research. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 409 pp.

Pugesek BH. 2003. Modeling a complex conceptual theory of population change in the Shiras Moose: History and recasting as a structural equation model. In: Structural Equation Modeling: Applications in Ecological and Evolutionary Biology Research. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 409 pp.

Pugesek BH. 2003. Modeling means in latent variable models of natural selection. In: Structural Equation Modeling: Applications in Ecological and Evolutionary Biology Research. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 409 pp.

Reiners, W., Baker, W. L., Baron Jill S., D. M. Debinski, S. A. Elias, D. B. Fagre, J. S. Findley, L. O. Mearns, D. W. Roberts, T. R. Seastedt, T. J. Stohlgren, T. T. Veblen, and F. H. Wagner. 2003. Natural Ecosystems I: The Rocky Mountains. Pages 145-184 In F. H. Wagner, editor. Rocky Mountain/Great Basin Regional Climate Change Assessment. Report for the U. S. Global Change Research Program. Utah State University, Logan, UT, USA.

Roon, D. A., L. P. Waits, and K. C. Kendall. 2003. A quantitative evaluation of two methods for preserving hair samples. Molecular Ecology Notes. 3(1):163-166. [abstract]

Ruth, T.K., D.W. Smith, M.A. Haroldson, P.C. Buotte, C.C. Schwartz, H.B. Quigley, S. Cherry, K.M. Murphy, D. Tyers, and K. Frey. 2003. Large-carinvore response to recreational big-game hunting along the Yellowstone National Park and Absaroka-Beartooth Wilderness boundary. Wildlife Society Bulletin 31(4):1150-1161.

Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA, editors. 2003. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2002. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey.

Schwartz CC, Miller SD, Haroldson MA. 2003. Grizzly bear. In: Feldhamer G, Thompson B, Chapman J, editors. Wild Mammals of North America. Baltimore (MD): The Johns Hopkins University Press. p 556-86.

Schwartz CC, Keating KA, Reynolds HV III, Barnes VG Jr., Sellers R, Swenson JE, Miller SD, McClellan BN, Keay, McCann JR, Gibeau M, Wakkinen W, Mace RD, Kasworm W, Smith R, and Herrero S. 2003. Reproductive maturation and senescence in the female brown bear. Ursus 14(2): 109-119.

Schwartz CC, Swenson JE, Miller SD. 2003. Large carnivores, moose, and humans: a changing paradigm of predator management in the 21st century. Alces 39:41-63.

Tomer A, Pugesek BH. 2003. Guidelines for implementation and publication of SEM studies. In: Structural Equation Modeling: Applications in Ecological and Evolutionary Biology Research. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 409 pp.

2002

Cherry S, Haroldson MA, Robison-Cox J, Schwartz CC. 2002. Estimating total human-caused mortality from reported mortality using data from radio-instrumented grizzly bears. Ursus 13:175-84.

Clampitt L. 2002. A National Map for Montana [abstract]. In Proceedings, 2002 Montana / Idaho GIS Conference - Northern Rockies Chapter of the Urban-Regional Information System Association; 2002, April 8-11; Big Sky. Montana (MT).

Corn PS, Muths E. 2002. Variable breeding phenology affects the exposure of amphibian embryos to ultraviolet radiation. Ecology 83: 2958–2963.

Fagre, D. B., D. Selkowitz, B. Reardon, K. Holzer, and L. McKeon. 2002. Modeling and measuring snow for assessing climate change impacts in Glacier National Park, Montana. Pages 417-424 in Proceedings of International Snow Science Workshop, Penticton, B.C., Canada, Sept. 29 - Oct. 4, 2002. International Snow Science Workshop Canada, Inc.

Fagre DB, Peterson DL. 2002. Modeling and monitoring ecosystem responses to climate change in 3 North American mountain ranges. In: Korner Ch, Spehn EM, editors. Mountain Biodiversity: a global assessment. London: Parthenon Publishing. p 251-261.

Gogan PJP, Podruzny KM, Olexa EM. 2002. Projecting the Demographic Consequences of Management of Yellowstone Bison: Slaughtered Bison Sampling Winter 2001 - 2002. Annual Report. 10pp.

Gunther KA, Bruscino MT, Cain S, Hanauska-Brown L, Frey K, Haroldson MA, Schwartz CC. 2002. Grizzly bear-human conflicts, confrontations, and management actions in the Yellowstone Ecosystem, 2001. In: Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA, editors. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, 2001. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey. p 56-93.

Haroldson, M.A., M. Ternent, K. Gunther, and C.C. Schwartz. 2002. Grizzly bear denning chronology and movements in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Ursus 13:29-37.

Hauer, F. R., D. B. Fagre, and J. A. Stanford. 2002. Hydrologic processes and nutrient dynamics in a pristine mountain catchment. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 28:1490-1493.

Hess SJ. 2002. Aerial survey methodology for bison population estimation in Yellowstone National Park. [dissertation]. Bozeman (MT): Montana State University. 154 p.

Hundertmark KJ, Shields GF, Udina IG, Bowyer RT, Danilkin AA, Schwartz CC. 2002. Mitochondrial phylogeography of moose (Alces alces): late Pleistocene divergence and population expansion. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 22:375-87.

Keating KA, Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA, Moody D. 2002. Estimating number of females with cubs-of-the-year in the Yellowstone grizzly bear population. Ursus 13:161-74.

Keating KA. 2002. History of pronghorn population monitoring, research, and management in Yellowstone National Park. Unpublished technical report. 56 p + appendices.

Keating KA. 2002. A history of pronghorns in Yellowstone National Park. Paper presented at the Yellowstone Pronghorn Conservation Assessment Workshop, Mammoth, Wyoming, January 28-31.

Key CH, Benson NC. 2002. Measuring and Remote sensing of burn severity. In Coffelt JL, Livingston RK, U.S. Geological Survey Wildland Fire Workshop, Los Alamos, NM October 31-November 3, 2000. USGS Open-File Report 02-11. p 55.

Key CH, Benson N, Sorbel B, Zhu Z, Ohlen D, Howard SM, Clement B. 2002 June. National Park Service - U.S. Geological Survey National Burn Severity Mapping Project. Retrieved September 30, 2002 from USGS EROS Data Center archive and web site: http://edc2.usgs.gov/fsp/severity/fire_main.asp.

Key, C. H., D. B. Fagre, and R. K. Menicke. 2002. Glacier retreat in Glacier National Park, Montana. Pages J365-J381 In R. S. Jr. Williams and J. G. Ferrigno, editors. Satellite Image Atlas of Glaciers of the World, Glaciers of North America - Glaciers of the Western United States. United States Government Printing Office, Washington D. C., USA.

Klasner FL, Fagre DB. 2002. A Half Century of Change in Alpine Treeline Patterns at Glacier National Park, Montana, U.S.A. J Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Res (34):53-61.

Knudsen, Kathy L., Clint C. Muhlfeld, George C. Sage, Robb F. Leary. 2002. Genetic structure of Columbia River redband trout populations in the Kootenai River drainage, Montana, revealed by microsatellite and allozyme loci. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 131:1093–1105.

Mattson DJ, Podruzny S, Haroldson MA. 2002. Consumption of fungal sporocarps by Yellowstone grizzly bears. Ursus 13:95-103.

Messier, F. Coughenour M. 2002 June. Bison research workshop, Montana, June 10-13, 2002. Record of Discussion and Recommendations. 22p.

Muhlfeld, Clint C. 2002. Spawning characteristics of redband trout in a headwater stream in Montana. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 22:1314–1320.

Murphy, M. A., L. P. Waits, K. C. Kendall, S. K. Wasser, J. A. Higbee, and R. Bogden. 2002. An evaluation of long-term preservation methods for brown bear (Ursus arctos) faecal DNA samples. Conservation Genetics. 3(4):435-440. [abstract]

Podruzny SR, Cherry S, Schwartz CC, Landenburger LA. 2002. Grizzly bear denning and potential conflict areas in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Ursus 13:19-28.

Pugesek, BH. 2002. Book review: Cause and correlation in biology: A user's guide to path analysis, structural equations and causal inference. Ecoscience 9:132.

Pugesek, BH, Baldwin MJ. 2002. Final report and recommendations for restricted sampling effort of blue crabs at Aransas National Wildlife Refuge, Texas. Technical Report 57 p.

Roffe TJ, Sweeney SJ. 2002. Tolazoline reversal of xylazine in bison (Bison bison): Mitigation of adverse effects. Proc. Wildlife Disease Association, Humboldt State University, Arcata, CA July 2002.

Roffe TJ, Jones L, Coffin KC, Sweeney SJ, Drew M, Elzer P, Davis P. 2002. Effectiveness of Brucella abortus Strain 19 single calfhood vaccination in elk (Cervus elaphus). Proceedings of the Wildlife Disease Association, Humboldt State University, Arcata, CA July 2002.

Roffe TJ, Sweeney SJ. 2002. Tolazoline reversal of xylazine in bison (Bison bison): Mitigation of adverse effects. Proc. Wildlife Disease Association, Humboldt State University, Arcata, CA July 2002.

Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA, Gunther K, Moody D. 2002. Distribution of grizzly bears in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, 1990-2000. Ursus 13:203-12.

Schwartz CC. 2002. The paradigm of grizzly bear restoration in North America. In Maehr D, editor. Large Mammal Restoration in North America: ecological and sociological considerations in the 21st century. Washington DC: Island Press. p 225-229.

Schwartz CC, Haroldson MA, editors. 2002. Yellowstone grizzly bear investigations: annual report of the Interagency Study Team, 2001. Bozeman (MT): U.S. Geological Survey. 68 p.

Selkowitz, D. J., D. B. Fagre, and B. A. Reardon. 2002. Interannual variations in snowpack in the crown of the continent ecosystem. Hydrological Processes. 16:3651-3665.

Selkowitz, D. J., D. B. Fagre, and B. A. Reardon. 2002. Spatial and temporal snowpack variation in the Crown of the Continent Ecosystem. Pages 98-109 in Proceedings of 70th Annual Meeting of theWestern Snow Conference, May 20 - 23, 2002, Granby, CO.

Sojda RS. 2002. Artificial intelligence based decision support for trumpeter swan management. PhD Dissertation. Fort Collins, Colorado: Colorado State University. 193 p.

Sojda RS, Cornely JE, and Fredrickson LH. 2002. An application of queuing theory to waterfowl migration. In Rizzoli AE and Jakemen AJ, eds. Integrated Assessment and Decision Support: Proceedings of the First International Environmental Modelling and Software Society 2:251-256.

Sojda RS, Cornely JE, Howe AE. 2002. Development of an expert system for assessing trumpeter swan breeding habitat in the Northern Rocky Mountains. Waterbirds 25(1):313-318.

Taper ML, Gogan PJP. 2002. The northern Yellowstone elk: density dependence and climatic conditions. J. Wildl. Manage. 66(1):106-122.

Tomback D, Kendall, KC. 2002. Rocky Road in the Rockies: Challenges to Biodiversity. In Baron, J S. Rocky Mountain Futures: An Ecological Perspective. Island Press, Washington, DC. p 153-180.

Travis WR, Theobald DM, Fagre DB. 2002. Transforming the Rockies: Human Forces, Settlement Patterns, and Ecosystem Effects. In: Baron J, editor. Rocky Mountain Futures: an ecological perspective. Covelo, California:Island Press.

White JD, Running SW, Ryan KC, Key CH. 2002. Fuzzy logic merger of spectral and ecological information for improved montane forest mapping. Geocarto International 17(1):59-66.

Whitlock C, Reasoner MA, Key CH. 2002. Paleoenvironmental history of the Rocky Mountain region during the past 20,000 years. In Baron JS editor. Rocky Mountain Futures. 1st ed. Washington D.C.: Island Press. p 41-57.

Wright CK, Sojda RS, Goodman D. 2002. Bayesian time series analysis of segments of the Rocky Mountain trumpeter swan population. Waterbirds 25(1):319-326.

Publications Before 2002

Anderson D.R., K.P. Burnham, B.C. Lubow, L. Thomas, P.S. Corn, P.A. Medica, and R.W. Marlow. 2001. Field trials of line transect methods applied to estimation of desert tortoise abundance. Journal of Wildlife Management 65: 583-597.

Berger J, Testa JW, Roffe TJ, Monfort SL. 2001. Conservation endocrinology: a noninvasive tool to understand relationships between carnivore colonization and ecological carrying capacity. Conservation Biology 13(5)980-999.

Bjornlie, D.D. and R.A. Garrott. 2001. Effects of winter road grooming on bison in YNP. Journal of Wildlife Management 65: 560-572.

Boyce, M.S., D.I. MacKenzie, B.E.J. Manley, M.A. Haroldson, and D. Moody. 2001. Negative binomial models for abundance estimation of multiple closed populations. Journal of Wildlife Management. 65: 498-509.

p class="ref">Brinkman, S. J., G. L. Larson, and R. E. Gresswell. Spawning migration of bull trout in the North Fork Skokomish River, Olympic National Park, Washington. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 130: 981-987. [ Full Text ]

Bugmann H, Fagre DB. 2001. Integrated model-based studies of environmental change in different mountain regions. In Becker A, Bugmann H, editors. Global Change and Mountain Regions, The Mountain Research Initiative. Zurich, Switzerland: International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme Report No. 49, p 37-44.

Cherry, M. 2001. Biological assessment: the effects of snowmobile use on grizzly bears, Gallatin National Forest. (USGS employees Podruzny, Landenburger, Haroldson, and Schwartz provided the necessary data analysis for this report).

Corn, P.S. 2001. A plague of frogs: the horrifying true story. Quarterly Review of Biology. 76: 64-65 (book review).

Corn, P.S. 2001. Perspectives from the Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute: Amphibians and wilderness. International Journal of Wilderness 7(2): 25.

Corn, P.S. and R.A. Knapp. 2000. Fish Stocking in protected areas: summary of a workshop in Cole, D.N., McCool, S.F., Borrie, W.T., O'Loughlin, J., compilers. Wilderness science in a time of change conference-Volume 5: Wilderness ecosystems, threats, and management. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. Proceedings RMRS-P-0-VOL-5. p 301-303.

Cross, PC & SR Beissinger. 2001. Using logistic regression to analyze the sensitivity of PVA models: a comparison of methods based on African Wild Dogs. Conservation Biology. 15(5):1335-1346.

Davis DS, Roffe TJ, Elzer PH. 2000. Safety of Brucella abortus RB51 and Strain 19 vaccines in coyotes (Canis latrans). Proceedings of the U.S. Animal Health Association 104:239-242.

Despain, D.G. 2001. Dispersal ecology of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta Doug.) in its native environment as related to Swedish forestry. Forest Ecology and Management 141: 59-68.

Edwards JF, Davis DS, Roffe TJ, Ramiro-Ibanez F, Elzer PH. 2001. Fusobacteriosis in captive wild-caught pronghorns (Antilocapra americana). Vet Pathol 38:549-552.

Erchia, F., C, Korschgen, M. Nyquist, R. Root, R. Sojda, and P. Stine. 2001. A framework for ecological decision support systems: building the right systems and building the systems right. U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Information and Technology Report USGS/BRD/ITR-2001-0002. 50 pages. 8 MB.

Elzer PH, Smith JA, Edwards JF, Roffe TJ, Davis DS. 2000. Safety of Brucella vaccines in pronghorn antelope. Proceedings of the U.S. Animal Health Association 104:203-7.

Engelmark O., K. Sj”berg, B. Andersson, O. Rosvall, G.I. Ogren, W.L. Baker, P. Barklund, C. Bj”rkman, D.G. Despain, B. Elfving and others. 2001. Ecological effects and management aspects of an exotic tree species: the case of lodgepole pine in Sweden. Forest Ecology and Management 141:3-13.

Fagre, D.B. and F.L. Klasner. 2000. Application of Snow Models to Snow Removal Operations on the Going-to-the-Sun Road, Glacier National Park. in A merging of theory and practice; Proceedings of the international snow science workshop; 2000 Oct. 1-6; Big Sky, MT. pp: 266-272.

Fagre, D.B., K. Tonnessen, K. Morris, G. Ingersoll, L. McKeon, and K. Holzer. 2000. An Elevational Gradient in Snowpack Chemical Loading at Glacier National Park, Montana: Implications for Ecosystem Processes. In A merging of theory and practice; Proceedings of the international snow science workshop; 2000 Oct. 1-6; Big Sky, MT. pp: 462-467.

Gogan PJP, Barrett RH, Shook WT, Kucera TE. 2001. Control of ungulate numbers in a protected area. Wildlife Society Bulletin 29(4):1075-1088.

Gogan, P.J.P., J.A. Mack, W.G. Brewster, E.M. Olexa and W.E. Clark. 2001. Ecological studies of bison in the Greater Yellowstone Area: development and implementation. The George Wright Forum 18: 67-75.

Gresswell, R. E. 1999. Fire and aquatic ecosystems in forested biomes of North America. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 128:193-221. [ Full Text ]

Hilderbrand GV, Schwartz CC, Robbins CT, Hanley TA. 2000. Effect of hibernation and reproductive status on body mass and condition of coastal brown bears. Journal of Wildlife Management 64:178-183.

Jennings M., R. Beiswenger, P.S. Corn, M. Parker, A. Pessier, B. Spencer, and P.S. Miller, editors. 2001. Population and habitat viability assessment for the Wyoming toad (Bufo baxteri). Final Workshop Report. Apple Valley, MN: IUCN/SSC Conservation Breeding Specialist Group. 104 p.

Keigley, R.B. 2000. Elk, beaver, and the persistence of willows in national parks: comment on Singer et al. (1998). Wildlife Society Bulletin 28:448-450.

Keigley, R.B., and F.H. Wagner. 2000. What is "Natural"?: Yellowstone Elk Population-A case study. Integrative Biology. 1:133-148.

Keigley, R.B., and J. Ensign. 2001. 2000 Annual Report: Hosing Pasture Browse Study. Pp. 71-74 in Knapp, S. and M. Frisina (eds.). Statewide browse evaluation project: Report no. 1. Montana Fish Wildlife and Parks, Helena, MT.

Keigley, R.B., C. Fager, and K. Douglass. 2001. Permanent browse monitoring stations at Mt. Haggin Wildlife Management Area. Pp. 27-36 in Knapp, S. and M. Frisina (eds.). Statewide browse evaluation project: Report no. 1. Montana Fish Wildlife and Parks, Helena, MT.

Keigley, R.B., and M.R. Frisina. 2001. Browse conditions at Red Rock Lakes National Wildlife Refuge. Pp. 45-48 in Knapp, S. and M. Frisina (eds.). Statewide browse evaluation project: Report no. 1. Montana Fish Wildlife and Parks, Helena, MT.

Keigley, R.B., M.R. Frisina, and C. Fager. 2001a. Assessing browse trend at the landscape level. Pp. 15-26 in Knapp, S. and M. Frisina (eds.). Statewide browse evaluation project: Report no. 1. Montana Fish Wildlife and Parks, Helena, MT.

Keigley, R.B., M.R. Frisina, and C. Fager. 2001b. Browsing history as an indicator of range capacity. Pp. 5-13 in Knapp, S. and M. Frisina (eds.). Statewide browse evaluation project: Report no. 1. Montana Fish Wildlife and Parks, Helena, MT.

Keigley, R.B., and G. Gale. 2001. Effect of browsing on willow in the Steel Creek grazing allotment. Pp. 37-44 in Knapp, S. and M. Frisina (eds.). Statewide browse evaluation project: Report no. 1. Montana Fish Wildlife and Parks, Helena, MT.

Keigley, R.B., and G. Olson. 2001. The condition of browse plants at the Theodore Roosevelt Memorial Ranch. Pp. 65-70 in Knapp, S. and M. Frisina (eds.). Statewide browse evaluation project: Report no. 1. Montana Fish Wildlife and Parks, Helena, MT.

Kendall, K.C. 2000. Afterword in Skurzynksi, G. and A. Ferguson. The Hunted, National Geographic Society. Washington, DC. (Afterword for book)

Kendall, K.C. and R.E. Keane. 2001. Whitebark pine decline: Infection, mortality, and population trends. Pages 221-242 in Tomback, D.F., S.F. Arno, and R.E. Keane (eds.). Whitebark pine communities: Ecology and restoration. Island Press. Washington, DC. (Book Chapter)

Kendall, KC. 2001. Status and Distribution of Whitebark and Limber Pine in Glacier, Yellowstone, and Grand Teton National Parks. West Glacier, MT. Glacier National Park. Pg.16 In Science Summary: Glacier National Park, Montana: Research and Resources Management Projects 1997-1999. 40 p.

Kendall, KC. 10/2001. DNA Fingerprinting to monitor grizzly bear populations in the Greater Glacier Area. West Glacier, MT. Glacier National Park. Pg.29 in Science Summary: Glacier National Park, Montana: Research and Resources Management Projects 1997-1999. 40 pgs.

Kester, C. L., R. O. Rye, C. A. Johnson, C. C. Schwartz, and C. H. Holmes. 2001. On-line sulfur isotope analysis of organic material by direct combustion: preliminary results and potential applications. Isotopes Environ. Health Stud. 37:53-65.

Knapp, R.A., P.S. Corn, and D.E. Schindler. 2001. The introduction of nonnative fish into wilderness lakes: good intentions, conflicting mandates, and unintended consequences. Ecosystems 4: 275-278.

Love, J.D., J.C. Reed, and K.L. Pierce. 2001. Creation of the Teton Landscape, A geologic chronicle of Jackson Hole and The Teton Range. A 156-page manuscript plus 96 illustrations was completed in early 2001 and submitted to the Grand Teton National History Association for evaluation for publication.

Malanson, G.P., N. Xiao, K. Alftine, M. Bekker, D.R. Butler, D.G. Brown, D.M. Cairns, D. Fagre, and S.J. Walsh. 2001. Abiotic and biotic controls of spatial pattern at alpine treeline. Proc. 4th International Conf. on Integrating GIS and Environmental Modeling (GIS/EM4): Problems, Prospects and Research Needs. Banff, Alberta, Canada, September 2-8, 2000.

Mattson, D.J., K.C. Kendall, and D.P. Reinhart. 2001. Whitebark pine, grizzly bears and red squirrels. Pages 121-136 in Tomback, D.F., S.F. Arno, and R.E. Keane (eds.). Whitebark pine communities: Ecology and restoration. Island Press. Washington, DC. (Book Chapter)

Muhlfeld, Clint C., David H. Bennett, and Brian Marotz. 2001. Summer habitat use by Columbia River redband trout in the Kootenai River drainage, Montana. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 21:223–235.

Muhlfeld, Clint C., David H.Bennett, and Brian Marotz. 2001. Fall and winter habitat use and movement by Columbia River redband trout in a small stream in Montana. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 21:170–177.

Muths, E., T.L. Johnson, and P.S. Corn. 2001. Experimental repatriation of boreal toad (Bufo boreas) eggs, metamorphs, and adults in Rocky Mountain National Park. Southwestern Naturalist 46:106-113.

Olexa, E.M., P.J.P. Gogan, and K.M. Podruzny. 2001. Evaluation of a GPS used in conjunction with aerial telemetry. Biotelemetry 15: 380-389

Peterson, K. 2001. Identification and Prioritization of Whitebark Pine Habitat for Prescribed Fire in Glacier National Park. West Glacier, MT. Glacier National Park. Pg.20 in Science Summary: Glacier National Park, Montana: Research and Resources Management Projects 1997-1999. 40 p.

Pierce KL, Despain, DG, Morgan LA, Good, JM. The Yellowstone hotspot, greater Yellowstone ecosystem, and human geography, in Morgan LA. Recent Developments in Yellowstone Geology: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, Chapter A, [36 ms pages, 20 illustrations. Approved by the Director 2/22/2000].

Reinhart, D.P., M.A. Haroldson, D.J. Mattson, and K.A. Gunther. 2001. Effects of exotic species on Yellowstone's grizzly bears. Western North American Naturalist 61:277-288.

Rhyan, J.C, T. Gidlewski, T.J. Roffe, K. Aune, L.M. Philo and D.R. Ewalt. 2001. Pathology of brucellosis in bison from Yellowstone National Park. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 37(1):101-109.

Rhyan JC, Gidlewski T, Roffe TJ, Aune K, Philo LM, Ewalt DR. 2001. Pathology of brucellosis in bison from Yellowstone National Park. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 37(1):101-9.

Roffe TJ, Coffin K, Berger J. 2001. Survival and immobilizing moose with carfentanil and xylazine. Wildlife Society Bull. 29(4):1140-1146.

Roffe TJ, Jones LC, Coffin K, Sweeney SJ, Hansen RD. 2001. Parenteral delivery of vaccines to free-ranging bison in Yellowstone National Park. Proceedings of the U.S. Animal Health Association 105:135-141.

Schwartz, C.C . 2000. Radio-tracking large wilderness mammals: integration of Global Positioning Systems and Argos technology. P. 4 in Handley, L.R., F.J. D'Erchia, and T.M. Charron. Extended abstracts from BioGeo99: Applications of geospatial technology to biological sciences. U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Information and Technology Report USGS/BRD/ITR-2000-0008, 43 pp.

Shields GF, Adams D, Garner G, Labelle M, Pietsch J, Ramsay R, Schwartz CC, Titus K, Williamson S. 2000. Phylogeography of mitochondrial DNA variation in brown bears and polar bears. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 15:319-326.

Sojda, R.S., J.E. Cornely, L.H. Fredrickson, and A.E. Howe. 2000. Current research efforts in decision support system technology as applied to trumpeter swan management. In: Shea, R., M.H. Linck, and H.K. Nelson, eds. Proceedings and Papers of the 17th Trumpeter Swan Society Conference. North American Swans (Special Edition): Bulletin of the Trumpeter Swan Society 29(1): 139-144. The Trumpeter Swan Society. Maple Plain, MN.

Taper, M. L., M. Meagher and C. L. Jerde. 2000. The phenology of space: spatial aspects of bison density dependence in Yellowstone National Park. Typewritten report. 263pp, maps.

Tomback, D.F. and K.C. Kendall. 2001. Biodiversity losses: the downward spiral. Pages 243-262 in Tomback, D.F., S.F. Arno, and R.E. Keane, editors. Whitebark pine communities: Ecology and restoration. Island Press. Washington, DC. (Book Chapter)

Welling, L., G. Seielstad, P. McClurg and D. Fagre. 2001. The Upper Midwest Aerospace Consortium Environmental Information Network: Building 'Learning Communities' in the Northern Great Plains. In Proceedings of an International Conference, Climate Change Communication, Kitchener-Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, June 22-24, 2000 p. B3-1.